Union County, KY

County

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2022 Population
13,495
2.11% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
41.3
5.9% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
18.8%
0.501% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$58,260
15.3% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$109,100
20.3% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Union County, KY had a population of 13.5k people with a median age of 41.3 and a median household income of $58,260. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Union County, KY declined from 13,786 to 13,495, a −2.11% decrease and its median household income grew from $50,533 to $58,260, a 15.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Union County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (87.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (8.71%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.42%), White (Hispanic) (0.919%), and Other (Hispanic) (0.504%).

None of the households in Union County, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.3% of the residents in Union County, KY are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Union County, KY was $109,100, and the homeownership rate was 73.1%.

Most people in Union County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Union County, KY was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Union County, KY is home to a population of 13.5k people, from which 99.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.12% of Union County, KY residents were born outside of the country (151 people).

In 2022, there were 10 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.8k people) in Union County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 191 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.3%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.3% of Union County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Union County, KY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Union County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Union County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    11.8k ± 17
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    1.18k ± 64
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    191 ± 54.7
1.92%
Hispanic Population
259 people

In 2022, there were 10 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (11.8k people) in Union County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.18k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 191 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.92% of the people in Union County, KY are hispanic (259 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Union County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.12%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
151 people
1.14%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
157 people

As of 2022, 1.12% of Union County, KY residents (151 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Union County, KY was 1.14%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Union County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    382 ± 106
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    168 ± 76
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    120 ± 72

Union County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.27 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Union County, KY employs 5.69k people. The largest industries in Union County, KY are Manufacturing (917 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (844 people), and Retail Trade (637 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($90,707), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,125), and Public Administration ($54,968).

Occupations

5.69k
2022 Value
± 523
−6.71%
1 Year decline
± 13.7%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, KY declined at a rate of −6.71%, from 6.1k employees to 5.69k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Union County, KY, are Production Occupations (662 people), Sales & Related Occupations (535 people), and Construction & Extraction Occupations (516 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Union County, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

5.69k
2022 Value
± 523
−6.71%
1 Year decline
± 13.7%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Union County, KY declined at a rate of −6.71%, from 6.1k employees to 5.69k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Union County, KY, are Manufacturing (917 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (844 people), and Retail Trade (637 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Union County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Union County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,380
Median earning men ± $8,723
$29,934
Median earning women ± $4,449

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,229), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($51,000), and Manufacturing ($50,625).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($63,070), Manufacturing ($50,167), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($39,306).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
2.51%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.98M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.51% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 121
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 70
    Retail Trade
  3. 53
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Union County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 75.5% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (23.3%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.02%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Measure

In 2022, 0.821% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.756% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.17M), Some college (766k), and Secondary Education (551k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Union County, KY was $109,100 in 2022, which is 0.387 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $90,700 to $109,100, a 20.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Union County, KY is 73.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Union County, KY have an average commute time of 24.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Union County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Union County, KY is $58,260. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Union County, KY was Census Tract 9502.02 with a value of $61,855, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9502.01, with respective values of $60,394 and $59,370.

Property

$109,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$18,656
$3,703
Median Property Taxes
±$380

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Union County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Union County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

73.1%
Homeownership
2022
65.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 73.1% of the housing units in Union County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Union County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9502.02
  2. Census Tract 9501
  3. Census Tract 9502.01

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Union County, KY was Census Tract 9502.02 with a value of $61,855, followed by Census Tract 9501 and Census Tract 9502.01, with respective values of $60,394 and $59,370.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Union County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$58,260
Median Household Income
± $3,529
5.07k
Number of Households
± 464

In 2022, the median household income of the 5.07k households in Union County, KY grew to $58,260 from the previous year's value of $50,533.

The following chart displays the households in Union County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Union County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2022, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.286% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (3.31%)

In 2022, 85.4% of workers in Union County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.6%) and those who worked at home (3.31%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Union County, KY have a shorter commute time (24.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.83% of the workforce in Union County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Union County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Union County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Union County, KY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

18.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Union County, KY (2.49k out of 13.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Union County, KY is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.4% of the population of Union County, KY has health coverage, with 44.8% on employee plans, 18.1% on Medicaid, 16.3% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Union County, KY see 4794 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.848% decrease from the previous year (4835 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1805 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 2063 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.3% were men and 50.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,794 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Union County, KY

Primary care physicians in Union County, KY see an average of 4,794 patients per year. This represents a 0.848% decrease from the previous year (4,835 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Union County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.4% under 18 years, 22.7% between 18 and 34 years, 39.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.3% were men and 50.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.62%
Uninsured
44.8%
Employer Coverage
18.1%
Medicaid
16.3%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
1.35%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Union County, KY grew by 1.62% from 5.53% to 5.62%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Union County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Union County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, KY.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.8% in Union County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, KY.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.44% in Union County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Union County, KY.

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