Tucson, AZ

Census Place

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2020 Population
545,340
0.712% 1-year growth
US Senator
Kyrsten Sinema
Democratic Party
US Senator
Mark Kelly
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
34
0.89% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
20.8%
7.4% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$45,227
4.15% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$165,900
6.83% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
249,855
1.88% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Tucson, AZ had a population of 545k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $45,227. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Tucson, AZ grew from 541,482 to 545,340, a 0.712% increase and its median household income grew from $43,425 to $45,227, a 4.15% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Tucson, AZ are White (Non-Hispanic) (43.3%), White (Hispanic) (26%), Other (Hispanic) (10.2%), Two+ (Hispanic) (5.92%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (4.55%).

None of the households in Tucson, AZ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

91.9% of the residents in Tucson, AZ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ are University of Arizona (11,166 degrees awarded in 2020), Pima Community College (4,924 degrees), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (105534) (1,193 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Tucson, AZ was $165,900, and the homeownership rate was 51.7%.

Most people in Tucson, AZ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Tucson, AZ was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Tucson, looking towards the Catalina Mountains from A Mountain.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Tucson, AZ is home to a population of 545k people, from which 91.9% are citizens. As of 2020, 14.6% of Tucson, AZ residents were born outside of the country (79.8k people).

In 2020, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (236k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 142k White (Hispanic) and 55.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

91.9%
2020 Citizenship
91.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 91.9% of Tucson, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Tucson, AZ was 91.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Tucson, AZ
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    236k ± 3.35k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    142k ± 3.61k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    55.4k ± 3.28k
44.2%
Hispanic Population
241k people

In 2020, there were 1.66 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (236k people) in Tucson, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 142k White (Hispanic) and 55.4k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

44.2% of the people in Tucson, AZ are hispanic (241k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Tucson, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Arizona.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    514,264 ± 16,964 people
  2. Canada
    43,680 ± 5,116 people
  3. India
    42,811 ± 5,065 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Arizona was Mexico, the natal country of 514,264 Arizona residents, followed by Canada with 43,680 and India with 42,811.

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Foreign-Born Population

14.6%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
79.8k people
15.3%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
83k people

As of 2020, 14.6% of Tucson, AZ residents (79.8k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Tucson, AZ was 15.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Tucson, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    11,369 ± 1,101
  2. Vietnam
    11,301 ± 690
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,296 ± 580

Tucson, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.01 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Tucson, AZ employs 250k people. The largest industries in Tucson, AZ are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,977 people), Retail Trade (31,316 people), and Educational Services (28,203 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($66,466), Utilities ($58,695), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($51,471).

Males in Arizona have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $51,015. The income inequality in Arizona (measured using the Gini index) is 0.462, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

250k
2020 Value
± 4,408
1.88%
1 Year growth
± 2.3%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 1.88%, from 245k employees to 250k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Tucson, AZ, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (34,717 people), Sales & Related Occupations (23,844 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (19,343 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Tucson, AZ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arizona (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

250k
2020 Value
± 4,408
1.88%
1 Year growth
± 2.3%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Tucson, AZ grew at a rate of 1.88%, from 245k employees to 250k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Tucson, AZ, are Health Care & Social Assistance (36,977 people), Retail Trade (31,316 people), and Educational Services (28,203 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Tucson, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Tucson, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$31,225
Median earning men ± $605
$26,911
Median earning women ± $582

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($54,318), Public Administration ($49,969), and Manufacturing ($47,083).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($44,737), Public Administration ($39,910), and Construction ($37,130).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $35.2B
  2. $22.1B
  3. $18.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Arizona product (by dollars) was Electronics with $35.2B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.1B) and Mixed freight ($18.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Arizona products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Arizona.
$230B
2020 Value in Arizona
$463B
Projected 2050 Value in Arizona
101% growth

In 2020, total outbound Arizona trade was $230B. This is expected to increase 101% to $463B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Arizona trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Arizona to other states, or from other states to Arizona.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $32.1B
  2. $14.9B
  3. $5.53B

In 2020, the top outbound Arizona domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was California with $32.1B, followed by Texas with $14.9B and Michigan and $5.53B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Arizona shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing the state of Arizona. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arizona

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Kyrsten Sinema
Senator from Arizona1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Mark Kelly
Senator from Arizona3
Assumed office on December 2, 2020
Elected to the seat to succeed Martha McSally, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of John McCain and the resignation of Jon Kyl.

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing Arizona.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arizona over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arizona

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arizona have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Tucson, AZ awarded 18,199 degrees. The student population of Tucson, AZ in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 27,517 male students and 37,528 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Tucson, AZ are White (8,187 and 47.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (5,465 and 32%), Unknown (905 and 5.3%), and Asian (841 and 4.92%).

The largest universities in Tucson, AZ by number of degrees awarded are University of Arizona (11,166 and 61.4%), Pima Community College (4,924 and 27.1%), and Pima Medical Institute-Tucson (105534) (1,193 and 6.56%).

The most popular majors in Tucson, AZ are Liberal Arts & Sciences (2,278 and 12.5%), Registered Nursing (554 and 3.04%), and General Public Health (455 and 2.5%).

The median tuition costs in Tucson, AZ are $22,944 for private four year colleges, and $10,990 and $33,273 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Tucson, AZ, the percentage of applicants admitted was 85%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 65,045 (42.3% men and 57.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 65,045 students enrolled in Tucson, AZ, 42.3% men and 57.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 29,106 records, of which 57.3% were women and 42.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 422 degree-majors awarded
  2. 305 degree-majors awarded
  3. 304 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Tucson, AZ was General Psychology with 422 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Tucson, AZ according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 11,166 degrees awarded
  2. 4,924 degrees awarded
  3. 1,193 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Arizona with 11,166 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 7,701 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Tucson, AZ, which is 0.734 times less than the 10,498 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 8,187 degrees mean that there were 1.5 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 5,465 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($22,944) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,394) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,920) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Measure

In 2020, 0.954% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.01% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were Some college (1.47M), High School or Equivalent (1.4M), and Bachelors Degree (966k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Tucson, AZ was $165,900 in 2020, which is 0.722 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $155,300 to $165,900, a 6.83% increase. The homeownership rate in Tucson, AZ is 51.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Tucson, AZ have an average commute time of 22.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Tucson, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Tucson, AZ is $45,227. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $119,076, followed by Census Tract 40.30 and Census Tract 40.51, with respective values of $115,694 and $110,865.

Property

$165,900
Median Property Value 2020
±$1,780
$111,663
Median Property Taxes
±$2,612

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Tucson, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Tucson, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

51.7%
Homeownership
2020
65.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 51.7% of the housing units in Tucson, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 50.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Tucson, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 47.26
  2. Census Tract 40.30
  3. Census Tract 40.51

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Tucson, AZ was Census Tract 47.26 with a value of $119,076, followed by Census Tract 40.30 and Census Tract 40.51, with respective values of $115,694 and $110,865.

The following map shows all of the places in Tucson, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$45,227
Median Household Income
± $869
216k
Number of Households
± 3,844

In 2020, the median household income of the 216k households in Tucson, AZ grew to $45,227 from the previous year's value of $43,425.

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Tucson, AZ is from Arizona.
0.462
2020 Wage GINI in Arizona
0.465
2019 Wage GINI in Arizona

In 2020, the income inequality in Arizona was 0.462 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.736% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Arizona was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Arizona in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Arizona across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (73.1%)
  2. Carpooled (10.5%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.73%)

In 2020, 73.1% of workers in Tucson, AZ drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.5%) and those who worked at home (6.73%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Tucson, AZ have a shorter commute time (22.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.59% of the workforce in Tucson, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Tucson, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Tucson, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Tucson, AZ have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

20.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Tucson, AZ (108k out of 520k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Tucson, AZ is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

88.7% of the population of Tucson, AZ has health coverage, with 38.1% on employee plans, 24.2% on Medicaid, 9.71% on Medicare, 13% on non-group plans, and 3.69% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Arizona was $6,452 in 2014. This is a 3.03% increase from the previous year ($6,262).

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see 1167 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.52% decrease from the previous year (1185 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1536 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 521 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Arizona. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Arizona, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Pima County, AZ.
1,167 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Pima County, AZ

Primary care physicians in Pima County, AZ see an average of 1,167 patients per year. This represents a 1.52% decrease from the previous year (1,185 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Pima County, AZ in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Arizona across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.2% under 18 years, 28.1% between 18 and 34 years, 33.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.5% were men and 52.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.3%
Uninsured
38.1%
Employer Coverage
24.2%
Medicaid
9.71%
Medicare
13%
Non-Group
3.69%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Tucson, AZ declined by 1.27% from 11.5% to 11.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Tucson, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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