Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
129,749
1.08% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
42.9
0.468% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
21.2%
0.735% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$42,318
8.39% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$113,700
15.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
41,659
0.0937% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL had a population of 130k people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $42,318. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined from 131,170 to 129,749, a −1.08% decrease and its median household income grew from $39,043 to $42,318, a 8.39% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (54.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (39.7%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.23%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (1.93%), and White (Hispanic) (0.739%).

1.35% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.8% of the residents in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Reid State Technical College (119 degrees awarded in 2022) and Alabama School of Nail Technology & Cosmetology (21 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $113,700, and the homeownership rate was 74.6%.

Most people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is home to a population of 130k people, from which 99.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 0.662% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were born outside of the country (859 people).

In 2022, there were 1.37 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (70.4k people) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 51.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.89k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Spanish (842 households), Arabic (184 households), and Navajo (122 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
66,298
Women
51.1%
63,415
Men
48.9%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 129,713 inhabitants, with 48.9% men, and 51.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

99.8%
2022 Citizenship
99.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.8% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 99.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    70.4k ± 137
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    51.5k ± 669
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.89k ± 705
1.41%
Hispanic Population
1.83k people

In 2022, there were 1.37 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (70.4k people) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 51.5k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 2.89k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.41% of the people in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are hispanic (1.83k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Yemen
    155 ± 305 people
  2. Mexico
    139 ± 289 people
  3. Guatemala
    97 ± 242 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Yemen, the natal country of 155 Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents, followed by Mexico with 139 and Guatemala with 97.

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Foreign-Born Population

0.662%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
859 people
0.707%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
927 people

As of 2022, 0.662% of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL residents (859 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.707%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    842 households (0.685%)
  2. Arabic
    184 households (0.15%)
  3. Navajo
    122 households (0.0992%)

1.35% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Spanish. 0.685% of the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,104 ± 310
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,338 ± 246
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,128 ± 260

Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.57 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL employs 41.7k people. The largest industries in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Construction (3,193 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,820 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,089 people), and the highest paying industries are Securities, commodities, funds, trusts & other financial investments ($168,369), Seafood & other miscellaneous foods, n.e.c. ($140,215), and Management, scientific & technical consulting services ($118,031).

Males in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average income that is 1.5 times higher than the average income of females, which is $41,133. The income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (measured using the Gini index) is 0.416, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
20,630
Women
48.4%
21,955
Men
51.6%

The workforce of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in 2020 was 42,585 people, with 48.4% woman, and 51.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Occupations

41.7k
2022 Value
0.0937%
1 Year growth
± 0.0937%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.0937%, from 41.6k employees to 41.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (2,274 people), Cashiers (1,429 people), and Registered nurses (1,315 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

41.7k
2022 Value
0.0937%
1 Year growth
± 0.0937%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew at a rate of 0.0937%, from 41.6k employees to 41.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, are Construction (3,193 people), Elementary & secondary schools (2,820 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (2,089 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, though some of these residents may live in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,241
Median earning men ± $1,800
$28,909
Median earning women ± $1,442

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($63,214), Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($60,794), and Manufacturing ($56,392).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Information ($45,417), Public Administration ($38,377), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($38,000).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL awarded 140 degrees. The student population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 196 male students and 281 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Black or African American (85 and 60.7%), followed by White (52 and 37.1%), Two or More Races (2 and 1.43%), and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islanders (1 and 0.714%).

The largest universities in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL by number of degrees awarded are Reid State Technical College (119 and 85%) and Alabama School of Nail Technology & Cosmetology (21 and 15%).

The most popular majors in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL are Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (46 and 32.9%), General Cosmetology (32 and 22.9%), and Industrial Electronics Technology (23 and 16.4%).

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2016 in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 84.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 50%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 477 (41.1% men and 58.9% women).

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 477 students enrolled in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, 41.1% men and 58.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 280 records, of which 67.9% were women and 32.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 46 degrees awarded
  2. 32 degrees awarded
  3. 7 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training with 46 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 119 degrees awarded
  2. 21 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Reid State Technical College with 119 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 37 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL, which is 0.359 times less than the 103 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 85 degrees mean that there were 1.63 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 52 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($3,750) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,200) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,125) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.97% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.15% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (44.7k), Some college (20.3k), and Secondary Education (19.8k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was $113,700 in 2022, which is 0.403 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $98,500 to $113,700, a 15.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is 74.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have an average commute time of 26.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is $42,318. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

Property

$113,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,278
$35,269
Median Property Taxes
±$1,167

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.6%
Homeownership
2022
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 74.6% of the housing units in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was Shelby County (North)--Hoover (South), Alabaster (North) & Pelham Cities PUMA, AL with a value of $99,892, followed by Jefferson County (Southeast)--Hoover (North), Vestavia Hills & Homewood Cities PUMA, AL and Madison County (North & East)--Huntsville City (East) PUMA, AL, with respective values of $91,916 and $91,201.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$42,318
Median Household Income
± $1,886
47.3k
Number of Households
± 1,531

In 2022, the median household income of the 47.3k households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL grew to $42,318 from the previous year's value of $39,043.

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.416
2022 Wage GINI in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL
0.422
2021 Wage GINI in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL

In 2022, the income inequality in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was 0.416 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 1.34% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (89.3%)
  2. Carpooled (6.13%)
  3. Worked At Home (2.37%)

In 2022, 89.3% of workers in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.13%) and those who worked at home (2.37%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have a shorter commute time (26.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.62% of the workforce in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL (26.7k out of 126k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

89.7% of the population of Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL has health coverage, with 38.3% on employee plans, 21.6% on Medicaid, 16.6% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.53% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.9% under 18 years, 18% between 18 and 34 years, 37.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.4% were men and 52.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

10.3%
Uninsured
38.3%
Employer Coverage
21.6%
Medicaid
16.6%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.53%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL declined by 8.84% from 11.3% to 10.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Southwest Alabama PUMA, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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