Rockingham County, VA

County

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2022 Population
83,905
0.981% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.5
0.496% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
8.75%
15.1% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$73,232
8.52% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$266,900
15.1% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
41,862
0.314% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Rockingham County, VA had a population of 83.9k people with a median age of 40.5 and a median household income of $73,232. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Rockingham County, VA grew from 83,090 to 83,905, a 0.981% increase and its median household income grew from $67,484 to $73,232, a 8.52% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Rockingham County, VA are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.6%), White (Hispanic) (3.3%), Two+ (Hispanic) (2.86%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.24%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.08%).

None of the households in Rockingham County, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.9% of the residents in Rockingham County, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rockingham County, VA are Bridgewater College (369 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Rockingham County, VA was $266,900, and the homeownership rate was 75.2%.

Most people in Rockingham County, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Rockingham County, VA was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Rockingham County Courthouse in Harrisonburg, Virginia

Population & Diversity

Rockingham County, VA is home to a population of 83.9k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.61% of Rockingham County, VA residents were born outside of the country (4.7k people).

In 2022, there were 26.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.6k people) in Rockingham County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.77k White (Hispanic) and 2.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.9%
2022 Citizenship
96.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.9% of Rockingham County, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Rockingham County, VA was 96.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rockingham County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Rockingham County, VA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    72.6k ± 284
  2. White (Hispanic)
    2.77k ± 499
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    2.4k ± 551
7.82%
Hispanic Population
6.56k people

In 2022, there were 26.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (72.6k people) in Rockingham County, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.77k White (Hispanic) and 2.4k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.82% of the people in Rockingham County, VA are hispanic (6.56k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Rockingham County, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.61%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
4.7k people
5.93%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.93k people

As of 2022, 5.61% of Rockingham County, VA residents (4.7k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rockingham County, VA was 5.93%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rockingham County, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,565 ± 228
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    947 ± 261
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    362 ± 106

Rockingham County, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.65 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Rockingham County, VA employs 41.9k people. The largest industries in Rockingham County, VA are Educational Services (5,873 people), Manufacturing (5,581 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,008 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,786), Utilities ($59,545), and Finance & Insurance ($57,500).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

41.9k
2022 Value
± 1,452
0.314%
1 Year growth
± 4.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Rockingham County, VA grew at a rate of 0.314%, from 41.7k employees to 41.9k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rockingham County, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,809 people), Management Occupations (4,060 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (3,622 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rockingham County, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

41.9k
2022 Value
± 1,452
0.314%
1 Year growth
± 4.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Rockingham County, VA grew at a rate of 0.314%, from 41.7k employees to 41.9k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rockingham County, VA, are Educational Services (5,873 people), Manufacturing (5,581 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (5,008 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rockingham County, VA, though some of these residents may live in Rockingham County, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$48,164
Median earning men ± $1,829
$33,075
Median earning women ± $1,129

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Manufacturing ($58,191), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,703), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,964).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($46,391), Wholesale Trade ($45,568), and Public Administration ($45,258).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 455
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 360
    Manufacturing
  3. 275
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Rockingham County, VA went to Donald J. Trump with 69.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (28.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.49%).

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Rockingham County, VA awarded 369 degrees. The student population of Rockingham County, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 676 male students and 745 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rockingham County, VA are White (242 and 67%), followed by Black or African American (43 and 11.9%), Two or More Races (31 and 8.59%), and Hispanic or Latino (25 and 6.93%).

The largest universities in Rockingham County, VA by number of degrees awarded are Bridgewater College (369 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Rockingham County, VA are General Business Administration & Management (60 and 16.3%), General Health & Physical Education (49 and 13.3%), and General Psychology (31 and 8.4%).

The median tuition cost in Rockingham County, VA for private four year colleges is $38,800.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Rockingham County, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 90.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 13.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 1,421 (47.6% men and 52.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 1,421 students enrolled in Rockingham County, VA, 47.6% men and 52.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 952 records, of which 55.7% were women and 44.3% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rockingham County, VA was General Business Administration & Management with 60 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rockingham County, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
369 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Bridgewater College with 369 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 152 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rockingham County, VA, which is 0.7 times less than the 217 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 242 degrees mean that there were 5.63 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 43 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($38,800) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,150) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Rockingham County, VA was $266,900 in 2022, which is 0.947 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $231,800 to $266,900, a 15.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Rockingham County, VA is 75.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Rockingham County, VA have an average commute time of 21.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Rockingham County, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Rockingham County, VA is $73,232. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Rockingham County, VA was Census Tract 116 with a value of $103,269, followed by Census Tract 114 and Census Tract 119, with respective values of $91,029 and $88,224.

In 2022, 11.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Rockingham County, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.62%.

Property

$266,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,280
$23,785
Median Property Taxes
±$986

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rockingham County, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Rockingham County, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

75.2%
Homeownership
2022
68.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 75.2% of the housing units in Rockingham County, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 75.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Rockingham County, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 116
  2. Census Tract 114
  3. Census Tract 119

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rockingham County, VA was Census Tract 116 with a value of $103,269, followed by Census Tract 114 and Census Tract 119, with respective values of $91,029 and $88,224.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Rockingham County, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$73,232
Median Household Income
± $2,332
31.6k
Number of Households
± 1,259

In 2022, the median household income of the 31.6k households in Rockingham County, VA grew to $73,232 from the previous year's value of $67,484.

The following chart displays the households in Rockingham County, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Rockingham County, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (79.5%)
  2. Carpooled (9.35%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.79%)

In 2022, 79.5% of workers in Rockingham County, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.35%) and those who worked at home (6.79%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rockingham County, VA have a shorter commute time (21.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.39% of the workforce in Rockingham County, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rockingham County, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rockingham County, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rockingham County, VA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 11.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Rockingham County, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.62%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

8.75% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rockingham County, VA (7.16k out of 81.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 65 - 74.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rockingham County, VA is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 10.6% of the children was living in poverty in Rockingham County, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 112 in Rockingham County, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 46.8 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

91.2% of the population of Rockingham County, VA has health coverage, with 50.3% on employee plans, 11.6% on Medicaid, 16% on Medicare, 12.1% on non-group plans, and 1.21% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Rockingham County, VA see 3278 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.16% decrease from the previous year (3385 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 5147 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 3921 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

3,278 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Rockingham County, VA

Primary care physicians in Rockingham County, VA see an average of 3,278 patients per year. This represents a 3.16% decrease from the previous year (3,385 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Rockingham County, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 19.7% between 18 and 34 years, 37.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.78%
Uninsured
50.3%
Employer Coverage
11.6%
Medicaid
16%
Medicare
12.1%
Non-Group
1.21%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rockingham County, VA declined by 14.4% from 10.3% to 8.78%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rockingham County, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 57.5 in Rockingham County, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Rockingham County, VA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.1% in Rockingham County, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Rockingham County, VA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.5% in Rockingham County, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Rockingham County, VA.

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