Rochester, NY

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2020 Population
1.07M
0.102% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
40.3
0.249% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
13.2%
1.54% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$61,747
2.74% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$148,000
2.49% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
523,828
0.438% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Rochester, NY had a population of 1.07M people with a median age of 40.3 and a median household income of $61,747. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Rochester, NY declined from 1.07M to 1.07M, a −0.102% decrease and its median household income grew from $60,102 to $61,747, a 2.74% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Rochester, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (75.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (10.6%), White (Hispanic) (3.97%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.81%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.56%).

None of the households in Rochester, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.2% of the residents in Rochester, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Rochester, NY are Rochester Institute of Technology (4,154 degrees awarded in 2020), University of Rochester (4,035 degrees), and SUNY Brockport (2,437 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Rochester, NY was $148,000, and the homeownership rate was 67%.

Most people in Rochester, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Rochester, NY was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Rochester from the Broad Street Bridge, looking north.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Rochester, NY is home to a population of 1.07M people, from which 97.2% are citizens. As of 2020, 6.82% of Rochester, NY residents were born outside of the country (73.1k people).

In 2020, there were 7.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (814k people) in Rochester, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 42.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.2%
2020 Citizenship
97%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.2% of Rochester, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Rochester, NY was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Rochester, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    814k ± 783
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    114k ± 1.14k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    42.6k ± 1.6k
7.66%
Hispanic Population
82.1k people

In 2020, there were 7.14 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (814k people) in Rochester, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 114k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 42.6k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.66% of the people in Rochester, NY are hispanic (82.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Rochester, NY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for New York.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    495,720 ± 17,065 people
  2. China
    408,272 ± 15,522 people
  3. Jamaica
    227,326 ± 11,637 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 495,720 New York residents, followed by China with 408,272 and Jamaica with 227,326.

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Foreign-Born Population

6.82%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
73.1k people
7.04%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
75.6k people

As of 2020, 6.82% of Rochester, NY residents (73.1k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Rochester, NY was 7.04%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Rochester, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    19,464 ± 790
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,547 ± 789
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,588 ± 490

Rochester, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.28 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Rochester, NY employs 524k people. The largest industries in Rochester, NY are Health Care & Social Assistance (87,062 people), Educational Services (71,671 people), and Manufacturing (62,801 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($73,603), Management of Companies & Enterprises ($64,306), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,398).

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,479. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.494, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

524k
2020 Value
± 5,344
−0.438%
1 Year decline
± 1.34%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Rochester, NY declined at a rate of −0.438%, from 526k employees to 524k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Rochester, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (60,661 people), Management Occupations (56,264 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (50,205 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Rochester, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

524k
2020 Value
± 5,344
−0.438%
1 Year decline
± 1.34%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Rochester, NY declined at a rate of −0.438%, from 526k employees to 524k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Rochester, NY, are Health Care & Social Assistance (87,062 people), Educational Services (71,671 people), and Manufacturing (62,801 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Rochester, NY, though some of these residents may live in Rochester, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,608
Median earning men ± $872
$33,749
Median earning women ± $564

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($69,172), Wholesale Trade ($56,995), and Information ($56,308).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($47,507), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($44,283), and Manufacturing ($41,784).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New York. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 9,201
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 5,823
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 5,792
    Manufacturing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $14.9M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $13.3M
    Manufacturing
  3. $5.57M
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $140B
  2. $74.5B
  3. $67.4B

In 2020, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Misc. mfg. prods. with $140B, followed by Electronics ($74.5B) and Mixed freight ($67.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York.
$818B
2020 Value in New York
$1.62T
Projected 2050 Value in New York
98% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $818B. This is expected to increase 98% to $1.62T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $67.2B
  2. $49.9B
  3. $31.3B

In 2020, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $67.2B, followed by Pennsylvania with $49.9B and California and $31.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Rochester, NY awarded 19,443 degrees. The student population of Rochester, NY in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 31,596 male students and 38,198 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Rochester, NY are White (12,221 and 71.6%), followed by Black or African American (1,485 and 8.7%), Hispanic or Latino (1,192 and 6.98%), and Asian (1,020 and 5.97%).

The largest universities in Rochester, NY by number of degrees awarded are Rochester Institute of Technology (4,154 and 21.4%), University of Rochester (4,035 and 20.8%), and SUNY Brockport (2,437 and 12.5%).

The most popular majors in Rochester, NY are Registered Nursing (1,108 and 5.7%), General Business Administration & Management (905 and 4.65%), and General Psychology (750 and 3.86%).

The median tuition costs in Rochester, NY are $34,595 for private four year colleges, and $7,070 and $16,980 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Rochester, NY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 60.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 69,794 (45.3% men and 54.7% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 69,794 students enrolled in Rochester, NY, 45.3% men and 54.7% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 43,225 records, of which 55.3% were women and 44.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 664 degree-majors awarded
  2. 551 degree-majors awarded
  3. 888 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Rochester, NY was General Psychology with 664 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Rochester, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,154 degrees awarded
  2. 4,035 degrees awarded
  3. 2,437 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Rochester Institute of Technology with 4,154 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 8,478 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Rochester, NY, which is 0.773 times less than the 10,965 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 12,221 degrees mean that there were 8.23 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,485 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($34,595) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, less-than 2-year ($2,625) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,100) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Measure

In 2020, 1.36% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.5% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (4.01M), Bachelors Degree (3.13M), and Some college (2.8M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Rochester, NY was $148,000 in 2020, which is 0.644 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $144,400 to $148,000, a 2.49% increase. The homeownership rate in Rochester, NY is 67%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Rochester, NY have an average commute time of 21.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Rochester, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Rochester, NY is $61,747. In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Rochester, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $120,036, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $107,246 and $105,362.

Property

$148,000
Median Property Value 2020
±$975
$293,649
Median Property Taxes
±$3,444

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Rochester, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Rochester, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

67%
Homeownership
2020
61.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 67% of the housing units in Rochester, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 67.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Rochester, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2020, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Rochester, NY was Nassau County, NY with a value of $120,036, followed by Putnam County, NY and Suffolk County, NY, with respective values of $107,246 and $105,362.

The following map shows all of the counties in Rochester, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$61,747
Median Household Income
± $658
438k
Number of Households
± 4,668

In 2020, the median household income of the 438k households in Rochester, NY grew to $61,747 from the previous year's value of $60,102.

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Rochester, NY is from New York.
0.494
2020 Wage GINI in New York
0.497
2019 Wage GINI in New York

In 2020, the income inequality in New York was 0.494 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.645% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (79.2%)
  2. Carpooled (7.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.74%)

In 2020, 79.2% of workers in Rochester, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.9%) and those who worked at home (6.74%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Rochester, NY have a shorter commute time (21.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.13% of the workforce in Rochester, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Rochester, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Rochester, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Rochester, NY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Rochester, NY (136k out of 1.03M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Rochester, NY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

95.7% of the population of Rochester, NY has health coverage, with 51.4% on employee plans, 17.9% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 12.7% on non-group plans, and 0.837% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in New York see 1194 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1219 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1174 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 329 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,194 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,194 patients per year. This represents a 2.05% decrease from the previous year (1,219 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.4% under 18 years, 21.6% between 18 and 34 years, 38.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.8% were men and 52.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.32%
Uninsured
51.4%
Employer Coverage
17.9%
Medicaid
12.8%
Medicare
12.7%
Non-Group
0.837%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Rochester, NY declined by 15.4% from 5.1% to 4.32%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Rochester, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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