Richmond city, VA

County

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2022 Population
227,171
0.662% 1-year growth
US Senator
Mark Warner
Democratic Party
US Senator
Tim Kaine
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
34.5
0.291% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
19.5%
1.57% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$59,606
8.78% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$308,300
17.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
121,796
1.75% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Richmond city, VA had a population of 227k people with a median age of 34.5 and a median household income of $59,606. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Richmond city, VA grew from 225,676 to 227,171, a 0.662% increase and its median household income grew from $54,795 to $59,606, a 8.78% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Richmond city, VA are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (43.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (41.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.08%), Other (Hispanic) (2.92%), and White (Hispanic) (2.79%).

None of the households in Richmond city, VA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

95% of the residents in Richmond city, VA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Richmond city, VA are Virginia Commonwealth University (234030) (7,707 degrees awarded in 2022), University of Richmond (1,212 degrees), and Virginia Union University (249 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Richmond city, VA was $308,300, and the homeownership rate was 43.2%.

Most people in Richmond city, VA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22 minutes. The average car ownership in Richmond city, VA was 2 cars per household.

Richmond city, VA borders Chesterfield County, VA and Henrico County, VA.

Population & Diversity

Richmond city, VA is home to a population of 227k people, from which 95% are citizens. As of 2022, 7.33% of Richmond city, VA residents were born outside of the country (16.6k people).

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (99.4k people) in Richmond city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 95k White (Non-Hispanic) and 9.26k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

95%
2022 Citizenship
95.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 95% of Richmond city, VA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Richmond city, VA was 95.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Richmond city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Richmond city, VA
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    99.4k ± 776
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    95k ± 337
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    9.26k ± 837
7.62%
Hispanic Population
17.3k people

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (99.4k people) in Richmond city, VA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 95k White (Non-Hispanic) and 9.26k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

7.62% of the people in Richmond city, VA are hispanic (17.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Richmond city, VA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Virginia.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    107,605 ± 8,003 people
  2. India
    98,735 ± 7,670 people
  3. Mexico
    59,855 ± 5,986 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Virginia was El Salvador, the natal country of 107,605 Virginia residents, followed by India with 98,735 and Mexico with 59,855.

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Foreign-Born Population

7.33%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
16.6k people
7.53%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
17k people

As of 2022, 7.33% of Richmond city, VA residents (16.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Richmond city, VA was 7.53%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Richmond city, VA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,481 ± 453
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,636 ± 613
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,360 ± 321

Richmond city, VA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.32 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Richmond city, VA employs 122k people. The largest industries in Richmond city, VA are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,255 people), Retail Trade (12,778 people), and Educational Services (12,424 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($92,083), Utilities ($84,087), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($80,252).

Males in Virginia have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $69,674. The income inequality in Virginia (measured using the Gini index) is 0.475, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

122k
2022 Value
± 2,910
1.75%
1 Year growth
± 3.32%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Richmond city, VA grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 120k employees to 122k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Richmond city, VA, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (12,890 people), Management Occupations (12,493 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (10,797 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Richmond city, VA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Virginia (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

122k
2022 Value
± 2,910
1.75%
1 Year growth
± 3.32%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Richmond city, VA grew at a rate of 1.75%, from 120k employees to 122k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Richmond city, VA, are Health Care & Social Assistance (17,255 people), Retail Trade (12,778 people), and Educational Services (12,424 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Richmond city, VA, though some of these residents may live in Richmond city, VA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,201
Median earning men ± $1,601
$38,212
Median earning women ± $1,401

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($77,264), Public Administration ($73,227), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($62,924).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($56,414), Public Administration ($55,313), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,133).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Y-Axis
2.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 4.1M people employed in Virginia. This represents a 2.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 10.8%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Virginia.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,247
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,531
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,482
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing the state of Virginia. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Virginia

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Mark Warner
Senator from Virginia2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009
Tim Kaine
Senator from Virginia1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Mark Warner and Tim Kaine are the senators currently representing Virginia.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Virginia over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Virginia

Virginia is currently represented by 11 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Virginia have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Richmond city, VA awarded 9,217 degrees. The student population of Richmond city, VA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 12,774 male students and 21,221 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Richmond city, VA are White (4,363 and 49.5%), followed by Black or African American (1,637 and 18.6%), Asian (1,138 and 12.9%), and Hispanic or Latino (797 and 9.04%).

The largest universities in Richmond city, VA by number of degrees awarded are Virginia Commonwealth University (234030) (7,707 and 83.6%), University of Richmond (1,212 and 13.1%), and Virginia Union University (249 and 2.7%).

The most popular majors in Richmond city, VA are General Psychology (625 and 6.78%), General Biological Sciences (474 and 5.14%), and General Business (392 and 4.25%).

The median tuition costs in Richmond city, VA are $35,430 for private four year colleges, and $12,472 and $33,728 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Richmond city, VA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 63.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 33,995 (37.6% men and 62.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 33,995 students enrolled in Richmond city, VA, 37.6% men and 62.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 14,565 records, of which 61.5% were women and 38.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 324 degrees awarded
  2. 604 degrees awarded
  3. 465 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Richmond city, VA was Health Teacher Education with 324 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Richmond city, VA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 7,707 degrees awarded
  2. 1,212 degrees awarded
  3. 249 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Virginia Commonwealth University (234030) with 7,707 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 3,258 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Richmond city, VA, which is 0.547 times less than the 5,959 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 4,363 degrees mean that there were 2.67 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,637 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($35,430) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($3,775) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Measure

In 2022, 0.884% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.904% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Virginia.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.71M), Bachelors Degree (1.47M), and Some college (1.4M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Richmond city, VA was $308,300 in 2022, which is 1.09 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $263,000 to $308,300, a 17.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Richmond city, VA is 43.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Richmond city, VA have an average commute time of 22 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Richmond city, VA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Richmond city, VA is $59,606. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Richmond city, VA was Census Tract 506 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 504 and Census Tract 502, with respective values of $168,750 and $158,286.

In 2022, 23.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Richmond city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.83%.

Property

$308,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,855
$43,752
Median Property Taxes
±$1,513

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Richmond city, VA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Richmond city, VA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

43.2%
Homeownership
2022
63.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 43.2% of the housing units in Richmond city, VA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 43.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Richmond city, VA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 506
  2. Census Tract 504
  3. Census Tract 502

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Richmond city, VA was Census Tract 506 with a value of $250,001, followed by Census Tract 504 and Census Tract 502, with respective values of $168,750 and $158,286.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Richmond city, VA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,606
Median Household Income
± $2,362
101k
Number of Households
± 2,593

In 2022, the median household income of the 101k households in Richmond city, VA grew to $59,606 from the previous year's value of $54,795.

The following chart displays the households in Richmond city, VA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Richmond city, VA is from Virginia.
0.475
2022 Wage GINI in Virginia
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Virginia

In 2022, the income inequality in Virginia was 0.475 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.164% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Virginia was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Virginia in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Virginia across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (66.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (14.3%)
  3. Carpooled (7.9%)

In 2022, 66.1% of workers in Richmond city, VA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (14.3%) and those who carpooled to work (7.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Richmond city, VA have a shorter commute time (22 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Richmond city, VA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Richmond city, VA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Richmond city, VA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Richmond city, VA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 23.1% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Richmond city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.83%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

19.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Richmond city, VA (42.3k out of 217k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Males 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Richmond city, VA is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 27.3% of the children was living in poverty in Richmond city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 9.2%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 596 in Richmond city, VA. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 167 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

90.4% of the population of Richmond city, VA has health coverage, with 45.8% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.76% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Richmond city, VA see 941 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.423% decrease from the previous year (945 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 695 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 243 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

941 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Richmond city, VA

Primary care physicians in Richmond city, VA see an average of 941 patients per year. This represents a 0.423% decrease from the previous year (945 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Richmond city, VA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 18.9% under 18 years, 31.9% between 18 and 34 years, 35.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.6% were men and 54.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.64%
Uninsured
45.8%
Employer Coverage
20.1%
Medicaid
10.5%
Medicare
12.2%
Non-Group
1.76%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Richmond city, VA declined by 9.72% from 10.7% to 9.64%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Richmond city, VA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 96 in Richmond city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Richmond city, VA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.1% in Richmond city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Richmond city, VA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.8% in Richmond city, VA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Richmond city, VA.

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