Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
175,090
15.1% 1-year growth
US Senator
Kyrsten Sinema
Independent Party
US Senator
Mark Kelly
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
29.6
1.37% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
15.8%
1.31% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$71,500
7.89% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$280,700
18.7% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ had a population of 175k people with a median age of 29.6 and a median household income of $71,500. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ grew from 152,071 to 175,090, a 15.1% increase and its median household income grew from $66,269 to $71,500, a 7.89% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are White (Hispanic) (28.9%), Two+ (Hispanic) (20.4%), Other (Hispanic) (19.9%), White (Non-Hispanic) (14.2%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.45%).

57% of the households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

84% of the residents in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are National Tractor Trailer School (302 degrees awarded in 2022) and Xtylo Beauty College (498322) (66 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was $280,700, and the homeownership rate was 64.6%.

Most people in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 29.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ is home to a population of 175k people, from which 84% are citizens. As of 2022, 25.4% of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ residents were born outside of the country (44.5k people).

In 2022, there were 1.41 times more White (Hispanic) residents (50.5k people) in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.8k Two+ (Hispanic) and 34.9k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are Spanish (85,155 households), Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages (761 households), and Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (733 households).

Citizenship

84%
2022 Citizenship
85%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 84% of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was 85%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ
  1. White (Hispanic)
    50.5k ± 3.59k
  2. Two+ (Hispanic)
    35.8k ± 4.38k
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    34.9k ± 2.98k
70.8%
Hispanic Population
124k people

In 2022, there were 1.41 times more White (Hispanic) residents (50.5k people) in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ than any other race or ethnicity. There were 35.8k Two+ (Hispanic) and 34.9k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

70.8% of the people in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are hispanic (124k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

25.4%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
44.5k people
24.2%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
36.8k people

As of 2022, 25.4% of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ residents (44.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was 24.2%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    85,155 households (53.1%)
  2. Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages
    761 households (0.475%)
  3. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    733 households (0.457%)

57% of the households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was Spanish. 53.1% of the households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,917 ± 494
  2. Vietnam
    1,381 ± 314
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,041 ± 315

Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ employs 75.5k people. The largest industries in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are Construction (8,093 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,492 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,002 people), and the highest paying industries are Household appliances & electrical & electronic goods merchant wholesalers ($116,575), Wired telecommunications carriers ($110,309), and Offices of physicians ($88,075).

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
31,348
Women
46.4%
36,162
Men
53.6%

The workforce of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ in 2020 was 67,510 people, with 46.4% woman, and 53.6% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

75.5k
2022 Value
12.1%
1 Year growth
± 12.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ grew at a rate of 12.1%, from 67.3k employees to 75.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ, are Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (2,647 people), Janitors & building cleaners (2,490 people), and Customer service representatives (2,322 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Arizona (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

75.5k
2022 Value
12.1%
1 Year growth
± 12.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ grew at a rate of 12.1%, from 67.3k employees to 75.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ, are Construction (8,093 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,492 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (4,002 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ, though some of these residents may live in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$42,774
Median earning men ± $1,519
$34,553
Median earning women ± $1,433

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($57,246), Public Administration ($53,676), and Wholesale Trade ($51,304).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($47,130), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($40,536), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($38,711).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Y-Axis
2.3%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.15M people employed in Arizona. This represents a 2.3% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.21%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Arizona.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Arizona went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 49.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (49.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.52%).

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing the state of Arizona. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Arizona

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
Kyrsten Sinema
Senator from Arizona1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Kyrsten Sinema won election to the Senate as a Democrat in 2018
Mark Kelly
Senator from Arizona3
Assumed office on December 2, 2020
Elected to the seat to succeed Martha McSally, who had been appointed to the seat following the death of John McCain and the resignation of Jon Kyl.

Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly are the senators currently representing Arizona.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Arizona over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Arizona

Arizona is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Arizona have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ awarded 368 degrees. The student population of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 108 male students and 132 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are Hispanic or Latino (116 and 31.7%), followed by White (105 and 28.7%), Black or African American (80 and 21.9%), and Unknown (56 and 15.3%).

The largest universities in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ by number of degrees awarded are National Tractor Trailer School (302 and 82.1%) and Xtylo Beauty College (498322) (66 and 17.9%).

The most popular majors in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ are Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (302 and 82.1%), Nail Specialist & Manicurist (37 and 10.1%), and General Cosmetology (29 and 7.88%).

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.25% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.78% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (39.5k), Secondary Education (29.3k), and Primary Education (26.6k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was $280,700 in 2022, which is 0.996 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $236,500 to $280,700, a 18.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ is 64.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ have an average commute time of 29.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ is $71,500. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was Maricopa County--Gilbert (South) & Queen Creek Towns PUMA, AZ with a value of $128,801, followed by Maricopa County--Scottsdale (North), Phoenix (Far Northeast) Cities & Cave Creek PUMA, AZ and Maricopa County--Chandler City (South) PUMA, AZ, with respective values of $127,299 and $114,429.

Property

$280,700
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,535
$31,491
Median Property Taxes
±$1,490

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.6%
Homeownership
2022
71.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.6% of the housing units in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was Maricopa County--Gilbert (South) & Queen Creek Towns PUMA, AZ with a value of $128,801, followed by Maricopa County--Scottsdale (North), Phoenix (Far Northeast) Cities & Cave Creek PUMA, AZ and Maricopa County--Chandler City (South) PUMA, AZ, with respective values of $127,299 and $114,429.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$71,500
Median Household Income
± $3,462
48.8k
Number of Households
± 2,060

In 2022, the median household income of the 48.8k households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ grew to $71,500 from the previous year's value of $66,269.

The following chart displays the households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.359
2022 Wage GINI in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ
0.361
2021 Wage GINI in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ

In 2022, the income inequality in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was 0.359 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.582% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (69.7%)
  2. Carpooled (15.4%)
  3. Worked At Home (10.3%)

In 2022, 69.7% of workers in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (15.4%) and those who worked at home (10.3%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

29.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ have a longer commute time (29.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.97% of the workforce in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.8% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ (27.6k out of 175k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ is Hispanic, followed by White and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

81.2% of the population of Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ has health coverage, with 44.5% on employee plans, 23.6% on Medicaid, 5.23% on Medicare, 6.84% on non-group plans, and 1.02% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Arizona see 1499 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1523 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1585 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 662 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Arizona.
1,499 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Arizona

Primary care physicians in Arizona see an average of 1,499 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,523 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Arizona in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 33.3% under 18 years, 25.2% between 18 and 34 years, 34.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 7.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

18.8%
Uninsured
44.5%
Employer Coverage
23.6%
Medicaid
5.23%
Medicare
6.84%
Non-Group
1.02%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ grew by 10.1% from 17.1% to 18.8%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Phoenix (Southwest) & Tolleson Cities PUMA, AZ changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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