Montgomery, AL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
384,740
0.0133% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.8
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
16.2%
2.79% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$60,849
7.97% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$170,300
13.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
167,807
0.772% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Montgomery, AL had a population of 385k people with a median age of 37.8 and a median household income of $60,849. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Montgomery, AL declined from 384,791 to 384,740, a −0.0133% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,356 to $60,849, a 7.97% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Montgomery, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (47%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (44.6%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.43%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.3%), and White (Hispanic) (1.28%).

None of the households in Montgomery, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.7% of the residents in Montgomery, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Montgomery, AL are Auburn University at Montgomery (1,016 degrees awarded in 2022), Faulkner University (849 degrees), and J F Ingram State Technical College (631 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Montgomery, AL was $170,300, and the homeownership rate was 64.8%.

Most people in Montgomery, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.6 minutes. The average car ownership in Montgomery, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Montgomery Biscuits, Montgomery, AL

Population & Diversity

Montgomery, AL is home to a population of 385k people, from which 97.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.76% of Montgomery, AL residents were born outside of the country (14.5k people).

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (181k people) in Montgomery, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 172k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.7%
2022 Citizenship
97.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.7% of Montgomery, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Montgomery, AL was 97.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Montgomery, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Montgomery, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    181k ± 332
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    172k ± 1.07k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    9.36k ± 1.22k
3.44%
Hispanic Population
13.2k people

In 2022, there were 1.05 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (181k people) in Montgomery, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 172k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.36k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.44% of the people in Montgomery, AL are hispanic (13.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Montgomery, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.76%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
14.5k people
3.75%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
14.4k people

As of 2022, 3.76% of Montgomery, AL residents (14.5k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Montgomery, AL was 3.75%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Montgomery, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    8,642 ± 890
  2. Vietnam
    7,432 ± 625
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,291 ± 564

Montgomery, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.16 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Montgomery, AL employs 168k people. The largest industries in Montgomery, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (22,802 people), Manufacturing (20,497 people), and Retail Trade (18,296 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($97,442), Utilities ($76,212), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($60,777).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

168k
2022 Value
± 3,768
0.772%
1 Year growth
± 3.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Montgomery, AL grew at a rate of 0.772%, from 167k employees to 168k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Montgomery, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (22,199 people), Management Occupations (16,523 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (15,917 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Montgomery, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

168k
2022 Value
± 3,768
0.772%
1 Year growth
± 3.12%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Montgomery, AL grew at a rate of 0.772%, from 167k employees to 168k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Montgomery, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (22,802 people), Manufacturing (20,497 people), and Retail Trade (18,296 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Montgomery, AL, though some of these residents may live in Montgomery, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,616
Median earning men ± $993
$34,265
Median earning women ± $1,056

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($65,110), Public Administration ($60,247), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($56,518).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($48,994), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($48,964), and Wholesale Trade ($47,419).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 3,209
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,184
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,618
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Montgomery, AL awarded 4,046 degrees. The student population of Montgomery, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 6,706 male students and 9,840 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Montgomery, AL are Black or African American (2,170 and 55%), followed by White (1,499 and 38%), Hispanic or Latino (82 and 2.08%), and Unknown (72 and 1.83%).

The largest universities in Montgomery, AL by number of degrees awarded are Auburn University at Montgomery (1,016 and 25.1%), Faulkner University (849 and 21%), and J F Ingram State Technical College (631 and 15.6%).

The most popular majors in Montgomery, AL are General Business Administration & Management (376 and 9.29%), General Business (204 and 5.04%), and Criminal Justice - Safety Studies (192 and 4.75%).

The median tuition costs in Montgomery, AL are $21,930 for private four year colleges, and $8,280 and $17,568 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Montgomery, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 88.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 15.7%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 16,546 (40.5% men and 59.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 16,546 students enrolled in Montgomery, AL, 40.5% men and 59.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 9,228 records, of which 65.8% were women and 34.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 174 degrees awarded
  2. 152 degrees awarded
  3. 134 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Montgomery, AL was Criminal Justice - Safety Studies with 174 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Montgomery, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,016 degrees awarded
  2. 849 degrees awarded
  3. 631 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Auburn University at Montgomery with 1,016 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,732 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Montgomery, AL, which is 0.748 times less than the 2,314 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 2,170 degrees mean that there were 1.45 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 1,499 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($21,930) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,804) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Montgomery, AL was $170,300 in 2022, which is 0.604 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $150,500 to $170,300, a 13.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Montgomery, AL is 64.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Montgomery, AL have an average commute time of 23.6 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Montgomery, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Montgomery, AL is $60,849. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Montgomery, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

Property

$170,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,564
$96,093
Median Property Taxes
±$2,275

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Montgomery, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Montgomery, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

64.8%
Homeownership
2022
67.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 64.8% of the housing units in Montgomery, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 64.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Montgomery, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Montgomery, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

The following map shows all of the counties in Montgomery, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$60,849
Median Household Income
± $1,239
148k
Number of Households
± 3,267

In 2022, the median household income of the 148k households in Montgomery, AL grew to $60,849 from the previous year's value of $56,356.

The following chart displays the households in Montgomery, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Montgomery, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (83.5%)
  2. Carpooled (7.98%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.12%)

In 2022, 83.5% of workers in Montgomery, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.98%) and those who worked at home (6.12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.6 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Montgomery, AL have a shorter commute time (23.6 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.91% of the workforce in Montgomery, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Montgomery, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Montgomery, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Montgomery, AL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Montgomery, AL (60k out of 371k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Montgomery, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.5% of the population of Montgomery, AL has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 17.2% on Medicaid, 11.1% on Medicare, 14.5% on non-group plans, and 3.96% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.2% under 18 years, 21.4% between 18 and 34 years, 37.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.51%
Uninsured
43.7%
Employer Coverage
17.2%
Medicaid
11.1%
Medicare
14.5%
Non-Group
3.96%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Montgomery, AL declined by 0.662% from 9.58% to 9.51%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Montgomery, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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