Jefferson County, AL

County

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2020 Population
658,615
0.161% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Shelby
Republican Party
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
37.9
0.531% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
15.7%
2.24% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$55,088
2.2% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$165,000
3.71% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
302,092
0.951% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Jefferson County, AL had a population of 659k people with a median age of 37.9 and a median household income of $55,088. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Jefferson County, AL declined from 659,680 to 658,615, a −0.161% decrease and its median household income grew from $53,901 to $55,088, a 2.2% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (49.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (42.8%), White (Hispanic) (1.83%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.77%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.57%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Jefferson County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AL are University of Alabama at Birmingham (5,956 degrees awarded in 2020), Samford University (1,742 degrees), and Jefferson State Community College (1,284 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Jefferson County, AL was $165,000, and the homeownership rate was 63.2%.

Most people in Jefferson County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Birmingham, AL

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Jefferson County, AL is home to a population of 659k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 3.85% of Jefferson County, AL residents were born outside of the country (25.3k people).

In 2020, there were 1.16 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (327k people) in Jefferson County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 282k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 12k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2020 Citizenship
97.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 97.5% of Jefferson County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, AL was 97.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    327k ± 457
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    282k ± 1.27k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    12k ± 1.24k
3.91%
Hispanic Population
25.8k people

In 2020, there were 1.16 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (327k people) in Jefferson County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 282k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 12k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.91% of the people in Jefferson County, AL are hispanic (25.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    47,080 ± 5,301 people
  2. Guatemala
    12,910 ± 2,786 people
  3. India
    10,249 ± 2,483 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 47,080 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 12,910 and India with 10,249.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.85%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
25.3k people
4.09%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
27k people

As of 2020, 3.85% of Jefferson County, AL residents (25.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, AL was 4.09%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    11,943 ± 815
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    6,498 ± 807
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    5,706 ± 584

Jefferson County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.84 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Jefferson County, AL employs 302k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (50,659 people), Retail Trade (32,835 people), and Manufacturing (27,259 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($74,835), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($69,236), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($67,132).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.44 times higher than the average income of females, which is $44,111. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

302k
2020 Value
± 4,903
−0.951%
1 Year decline
± 2.12%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, AL declined at a rate of −0.951%, from 305k employees to 302k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (37,239 people), Sales & Related Occupations (32,339 people), and Management Occupations (29,210 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

302k
2020 Value
± 4,903
−0.951%
1 Year decline
± 2.12%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, AL declined at a rate of −0.951%, from 305k employees to 302k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (50,659 people), Retail Trade (32,835 people), and Manufacturing (27,259 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$45,581
Median earning men ± $1,126
$32,188
Median earning women ± $570

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($72,061), Public Administration ($63,703), and Information ($57,578).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Information ($47,917), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($47,689), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($45,264).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 6,739
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 4,954
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 3,644
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $9.22M
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. $6.97M
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. $5.13M
    Manufacturing

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $52.4B
  2. $22.9B
  3. $20.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $52.4B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($22.9B) and Base metals ($20.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Alabama products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Alabama.
$282B
2020 Value in Alabama
$539B
Projected 2050 Value in Alabama
91.3% growth

In 2020, total outbound Alabama trade was $282B. This is expected to increase 91.3% to $539B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Alabama trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Alabama to other states, or from other states to Alabama.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $31.7B
  2. $21.3B
  3. $14.3B

In 2020, the top outbound Alabama domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $31.7B, followed by Florida with $21.3B and Tennessee and $14.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Alabama shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, AL went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 55.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (42.6%), followed by Other (1.63%).

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Richard Shelby
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 1987
Until 1994, Richard Shelby won election to the Senate as a member of the Democratic Party.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021

Richard Shelby and Tommy Tuberville are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Jefferson County, AL awarded 11,014 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, AL in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 16,014 male students and 29,490 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, AL are White (6,561 and 61.8%), followed by Black or African American (2,805 and 26.4%), Asian (434 and 4.09%), and Hispanic or Latino (363 and 3.42%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of Alabama at Birmingham (5,956 and 54.1%), Samford University (1,742 and 15.8%), and Jefferson State Community College (1,284 and 11.7%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, AL are Registered Nursing (1,471 and 13.4%), General Business Administration & Management (595 and 5.4%), and General Studies (445 and 4.04%).

The median tuition costs in Jefferson County, AL are $15,485 for private four year colleges, and $8,568 and $20,400 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Jefferson County, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 78.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 26.2%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 45,504 (35.2% men and 64.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 45,504 students enrolled in Jefferson County, AL, 35.2% men and 64.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 25,331 records, of which 63.4% were women and 36.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 229 degree-majors awarded
  2. 490 degree-majors awarded
  3. 241 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Jefferson County, AL was General Business Administration & Management with 229 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Jefferson County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 5,956 degrees awarded
  2. 1,742 degrees awarded
  3. 1,284 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Alabama at Birmingham with 5,956 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 3,995 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, AL, which is 0.569 times less than the 7,019 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 6,561 degrees mean that there were 2.34 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,805 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($15,485) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,100) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($2,231) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2020, 0.875% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.825% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (1.18M), Some college (900k), and Secondary Education (638k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, AL was $165,000 in 2020, which is 0.718 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $159,100 to $165,000, a 3.71% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, AL is 63.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Jefferson County, AL have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, AL is $55,088. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, AL was Census Tract 129.05 with a value of $186,818, followed by Census Tract 107.03 and Census Tract 108.04, with respective values of $181,071 and $166,473.

In 2021, 16.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1%.

Property

$165,000
Median Property Value 2020
±$2,569
$166,849
Median Property Taxes
±$3,464

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.2%
Homeownership
2020
68.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 63.2% of the housing units in Jefferson County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 62.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 129.05
  2. Census Tract 107.03
  3. Census Tract 108.04

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, AL was Census Tract 129.05 with a value of $186,818, followed by Census Tract 107.03 and Census Tract 108.04, with respective values of $181,071 and $166,473.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,088
Median Household Income
± $1,091
261k
Number of Households
± 3,596

In 2020, the median household income of the 261k households in Jefferson County, AL grew to $55,088 from the previous year's value of $53,901.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2020 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.459
2019 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2020, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.32% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (82.2%)
  2. Carpooled (9.21%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.22%)

In 2020, 82.2% of workers in Jefferson County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.21%) and those who worked at home (5.22%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, AL have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.57% of the workforce in Jefferson County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 16.3% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

15.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, AL (101k out of 644k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, AL is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 22.5% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 5.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 873 in Jefferson County, AL. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 175 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

91% of the population of Jefferson County, AL has health coverage, with 48.6% on employee plans, 16.5% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 12.4% on non-group plans, and 1.7% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Alabama was $7,281 in 2014. This is a 4.07% increase from the previous year ($6,996).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AL see 920 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.08% decrease from the previous year (930 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1085 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 524 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Alabama. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Alabama, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

920 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, AL

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, AL see an average of 920 patients per year. This represents a 1.08% decrease from the previous year (930 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Alabama across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.4% under 18 years, 22% between 18 and 34 years, 38% between 35 and 64 years, and 15.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.2% were men and 53.8% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9%
Uninsured
48.6%
Employer Coverage
16.5%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
12.4%
Non-Group
1.7%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, AL declined by 2.37% from 9.22% to 9%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 86.1 in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.6% in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11.1% in Jefferson County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, AL.

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