Jackson, MI

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2021 Population
160,765
1.64% 1-year growth
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2021 Median Age
41.5
0.24% 1-year decrease
2021 Poverty Rate
12%
3.25% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$57,746
5.93% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$148,500
6.91% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
70,009
1.33% 1-year growth

About

In 2021, Jackson, MI had a population of 161k people with a median age of 41.5 and a median household income of $57,746. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Jackson, MI grew from 158,174 to 160,765, a 1.64% increase and its median household income grew from $54,511 to $57,746, a 5.93% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (83.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (7.67%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.86%), White (Hispanic) (2.15%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.04%).

None of the households in Jackson, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Jackson, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jackson, MI are Spring Arbor University (1,093 degrees awarded in 2021) and Jackson College (622 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Jackson, MI was $148,500, and the homeownership rate was 74.5%.

Most people in Jackson, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23 minutes. The average car ownership in Jackson, MI was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Jackson, MI is home to a population of 161k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2021, 1.98% of Jackson, MI residents were born outside of the country (3.18k people).

In 2021, there were 10.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (134k people) in Jackson, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.2k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2021 Citizenship
99%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 99% of Jackson, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Jackson, MI was 99%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jackson, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jackson, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    134k ± 430
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    12.3k ± 547
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.2k ± 727
3.73%
Hispanic Population
6k people

In 2021, there were 10.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (134k people) in Jackson, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 12.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.2k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.73% of the people in Jackson, MI are hispanic (6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jackson, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    79,412 ± 6,891 people
  2. India
    76,245 ± 6,753 people
  3. Iraq
    59,562 ± 5,974 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 79,412 Michigan residents, followed by India with 76,245 and Iraq with 59,562.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.98%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.18k people
2.02%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
3.19k people

As of 2021, 1.98% of Jackson, MI residents (3.18k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jackson, MI was 2.02%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jackson, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    3,153 ± 401
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,512 ± 304
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,145 ± 209

Jackson, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.09 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Jackson, MI employs 70k people. The largest industries in Jackson, MI are Manufacturing (13,822 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,532 people), and Retail Trade (6,904 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($100,613), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($63,221), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,449).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $53,616. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.468, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

70k
2021 Value
± 1,977
1.33%
1 Year growth
± 3.89%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Jackson, MI grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 69.1k employees to 70k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jackson, MI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,522 people), Production Occupations (7,664 people), and Management Occupations (6,940 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jackson, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

70k
2021 Value
± 1,977
1.33%
1 Year growth
± 3.89%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Jackson, MI grew at a rate of 1.33%, from 69.1k employees to 70k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jackson, MI, are Manufacturing (13,822 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (11,532 people), and Retail Trade (6,904 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jackson, MI, though some of these residents may live in Jackson, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,483
Median earning men ± $1,948
$31,391
Median earning women ± $1,378

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2021 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($67,310), Public Administration ($65,341), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($54,141).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2021 are Public Administration ($49,063), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($39,375), and Manufacturing ($38,702).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,186
    Manufacturing
  2. 1,169
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 643
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $2.15M
    Manufacturing
  2. $858k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $498k
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $217B
  2. $58.2B
  3. $51.2B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $217B, followed by Machinery ($58.2B) and Mixed freight ($51.2B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$667B
2020 Value in Michigan
$1.16T
Projected 2050 Value in Michigan
74% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $667B. This is expected to increase 74% to $1.16T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $37.2B
  2. $33.2B
  3. $31.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $37.2B, followed by Indiana with $33.2B and Texas and $31.6B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Michigan went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 50.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (47.8%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.09%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 13 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Jackson, MI awarded 1,715 degrees. The student population of Jackson, MI in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 2,008 male students and 4,780 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jackson, MI are White (1,283 and 75%), followed by Black or African American (149 and 8.71%), Unknown (141 and 8.24%), and Two or More Races (49 and 2.86%).

The largest universities in Jackson, MI by number of degrees awarded are Spring Arbor University (1,093 and 63.7%) and Jackson College (622 and 36.3%).

The most popular majors in Jackson, MI are Nursing Administration (448 and 26.1%), Social Work (209 and 12.2%), and General Business Administration & Management (145 and 8.45%).

The median tuition costs in Jackson, MI are $30,440 for private four year colleges, and $5,700 and $9,810 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Jackson, MI, the percentage of applicants admitted was 59.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 21.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 6,788 (29.6% men and 70.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 6,788 students enrolled in Jackson, MI, 29.6% men and 70.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 4,861 records, of which 71.5% were women and 28.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 126 degree-majors awarded
  2. 57 degree-majors awarded
  3. 381 degree-majors awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Jackson, MI was Social Work with 126 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Jackson, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,093 degrees awarded
  2. 622 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Spring Arbor University with 1,093 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 414 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jackson, MI, which is 0.318 times less than the 1,301 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,283 degrees mean that there were 8.61 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 149 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($30,440) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,380) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2021, 0.763% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.76% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2021 were High School or Equivalent (2.3M), Some college (1.94M), and Bachelors Degree (1.38M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Jackson, MI was $148,500 in 2021, which is 0.606 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $138,900 to $148,500, a 6.91% increase. The homeownership rate in Jackson, MI is 74.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Jackson, MI have an average commute time of 23 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jackson, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jackson, MI is $57,746. In 2021, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Jackson, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $88,908, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $86,275 and $79,198.

Property

$148,500
Median Property Value 2021
±$4,521
$46,059
Median Property Taxes
±$1,503

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jackson, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jackson, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

74.5%
Homeownership
2021
64.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 74.5% of the housing units in Jackson, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 74.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jackson, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2021, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jackson, MI was Livingston County, MI with a value of $88,908, followed by Oakland County, MI and Washtenaw County, MI, with respective values of $86,275 and $79,198.

The following map shows all of the counties in Jackson, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$57,746
Median Household Income
± $1,798
61.8k
Number of Households
± 1,813

In 2021, the median household income of the 61.8k households in Jackson, MI grew to $57,746 from the previous year's value of $54,511.

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jackson, MI is from Michigan.
0.468
2021 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.471
2020 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2021, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.468 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.592% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (83.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.23%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.36%)

In 2021, 83.4% of workers in Jackson, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.23%) and those who worked at home (6.36%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jackson, MI have a shorter commute time (23 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.76% of the workforce in Jackson, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jackson, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jackson, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jackson, MI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jackson, MI (18.1k out of 151k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jackson, MI is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

94.4% of the population of Jackson, MI has health coverage, with 46.6% on employee plans, 20% on Medicaid, 14.4% on Medicare, 12.2% on non-group plans, and 1.22% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Michigan see 1246 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1266 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1294 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 332 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
1,246 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Michigan

Primary care physicians in Michigan see an average of 1,246 patients per year. This represents a 1.58% decrease from the previous year (1,266 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Michigan in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.2% under 18 years, 19% between 18 and 34 years, 38.8% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.6% were men and 51.4% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.65%
Uninsured
46.6%
Employer Coverage
20%
Medicaid
14.4%
Medicare
12.2%
Non-Group
1.22%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jackson, MI declined by 3.37% from 5.84% to 5.65%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jackson, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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