Gainesville, FL

Census Place

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2020 Population
133,611
1.12% 1-year growth
US Senator
Marco Rubio
Republican Party
US Senator
Rick Scott
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
26.4
0.38% 1-year increase
2018 Poverty Rate
31.4%
6.3% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$38,028
2.05% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$179,500
10.9% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
64,008
1.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Gainesville, FL had a population of 134k people with a median age of 26.4 and a median household income of $38,028. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Gainesville, FL grew from 132,127 to 133,611, a 1.12% increase and its median household income grew from $37,264 to $38,028, a 2.05% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL are White (Non-Hispanic) (56.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (20.4%), White (Hispanic) (8.28%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (6.66%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.67%).

None of the households in Gainesville, FL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

93.5% of the residents in Gainesville, FL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL are University of Florida (17,072 degrees awarded in 2020), University of Florida-Online (671 degrees), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (24 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Gainesville, FL was $179,500, and the homeownership rate was 38.7%.

Most people in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Gainesville, FL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: Downtown Gainesville

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Gainesville, FL is home to a population of 134k people, from which 93.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 11.9% of Gainesville, FL residents were born outside of the country (15.9k people).

In 2020, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (75.2k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 11.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

93.5%
2020 Citizenship
93.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 93.5% of Gainesville, FL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Gainesville, FL was 93.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Gainesville, FL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    75.2k ± 1.47k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    27.2k ± 1.46k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    11.1k ± 927
12.2%
Hispanic Population
16.4k people

In 2020, there were 2.76 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (75.2k people) in Gainesville, FL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 27.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 11.1k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

12.2% of the people in Gainesville, FL are hispanic (16.4k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Gainesville, FL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Florida.
Most Common Origin
  1. Cuba
    1,006,483 ± 24,039 people
  2. Haiti
    335,997 ± 14,118 people
  3. Colombia
    281,766 ± 12,945 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Florida was Cuba, the natal country of 1,006,483 Florida residents, followed by Haiti with 335,997 and Colombia with 281,766.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
15.9k people
11.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
15.3k people

As of 2020, 11.9% of Gainesville, FL residents (15.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Gainesville, FL was 11.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Gainesville, FL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,007 ± 344
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,285 ± 344
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    950 ± 327

Gainesville, FL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.56 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Gainesville, FL employs 64k people. The largest industries in Gainesville, FL are Educational Services (15,963 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,734 people), and Retail Trade (6,885 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($43,580), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($43,131), and Utilities ($42,026).

Males in Florida have an average income that is 1.34 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,168. The income inequality in Florida (measured using the Gini index) is 0.472, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

64k
2020 Value
± 2,401
1.1%
1 Year growth
± 5.12%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 1.1%, from 63.3k employees to 64k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Gainesville, FL, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (8,240 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (8,103 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (6,309 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Gainesville, FL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Florida (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

64k
2020 Value
± 2,401
1.1%
1 Year growth
± 5.12%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Gainesville, FL grew at a rate of 1.1%, from 63.3k employees to 64k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Gainesville, FL, are Educational Services (15,963 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (10,734 people), and Retail Trade (6,885 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Gainesville, FL, though some of these residents may live in Gainesville, FL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$28,565
Median earning men ± $2,610
$25,185
Median earning women ± $1,940

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($44,545), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($41,064), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($40,578).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Manufacturing ($48,594), Public Administration ($42,462), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($37,958).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Florida. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Florida.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $94.8B
  2. $62.6B
  3. $59.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida product (by dollars) was Mixed freight with $94.8B, followed by Electronics ($62.6B) and Pharmaceuticals ($59.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Florida products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Florida.
$688B
2020 Value in Florida
$1.41T
Projected 2050 Value in Florida
105% growth

In 2020, total outbound Florida trade was $688B. This is expected to increase 105% to $1.41T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Florida trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Florida to other states, or from other states to Florida.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $24.9B
  2. $19.2B
  3. $15.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Florida domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Georgia with $24.9B, followed by California with $19.2B and Texas and $15.8B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Florida shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing the state of Florida. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Florida is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Florida

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Marco Rubio
Senator from Florida3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Rick Scott
Senator from Florida1
Assumed office on January 8, 2019
Inauguration delayed in order to finish his term as Governor of Florida.

Marco Rubio and Rick Scott are the senators currently representing Florida.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Florida over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Florida

Florida is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Florida have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Gainesville, FL awarded 17,788 degrees. The student population of Gainesville, FL in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 25,179 male students and 32,793 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Gainesville, FL are White (9,638 and 58.8%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (3,331 and 20.3%), Asian (1,247 and 7.61%), and Black or African American (955 and 5.83%).

The largest universities in Gainesville, FL by number of degrees awarded are University of Florida (17,072 and 96%), University of Florida-Online (671 and 3.77%), and Academy for Five Element Acupuncture (24 and 0.135%).

The most popular majors in Gainesville, FL are General Business Administration & Management (1,328 and 7.47%), General Psychology (625 and 3.51%), and General Biological Sciences (582 and 3.27%).

The median tuition cost in Gainesville, FL for a public four year colleges is $3,918 for in-state students and $20,347 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Gainesville, FL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 32%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 44.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 57,972 (43.4% men and 56.6% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 57,972 students enrolled in Gainesville, FL, 43.4% men and 56.6% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 30,007 records, of which 57.1% were women and 42.9% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 583 degree-majors awarded
  2. 582 degree-majors awarded
  3. 534 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Gainesville, FL was General Psychology with 583 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Gainesville, FL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 17,072 degrees awarded
  2. 671 degrees awarded
  3. 24 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Florida with 17,072 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 7,604 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Gainesville, FL, which is 0.747 times less than the 10,184 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 9,638 degrees mean that there were 2.89 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 3,331 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($3,918) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,211) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 4-year or above ($850) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Measure

In 2020, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.09% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (4.93M), Some college (3.6M), and Bachelors Degree (3.09M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Gainesville, FL was $179,500 in 2020, which is 0.781 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $161,900 to $179,500, a 10.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Gainesville, FL is 38.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Gainesville, FL have an average commute time of 18.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Gainesville, FL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Gainesville, FL is $38,028. In 2020, the place with the highest median household income in Gainesville, FL was Census Tract 11 with a value of $88,185, followed by Census Tract 22.04 and Census Tract 1108, with respective values of $80,351 and $76,576.

Property

$179,500
Median Property Value 2020
±$7,655
$19,798
Median Property Taxes
±$1,141

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Gainesville, FL the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Gainesville, FL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

38.7%
Homeownership
2020
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 38.7% of the housing units in Gainesville, FL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 38.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Gainesville, FL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 11
  2. Census Tract 22.04
  3. Census Tract 1108

In 2020, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Gainesville, FL was Census Tract 11 with a value of $88,185, followed by Census Tract 22.04 and Census Tract 1108, with respective values of $80,351 and $76,576.

The following map shows all of the places in Gainesville, FL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$38,028
Median Household Income
± $2,179
48.4k
Number of Households
± 1,668

In 2020, the median household income of the 48.4k households in Gainesville, FL grew to $38,028 from the previous year's value of $37,264.

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Gainesville, FL is from Florida.
0.472
2020 Wage GINI in Florida
0.473
2019 Wage GINI in Florida

In 2020, the income inequality in Florida was 0.472 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Florida was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Florida in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Florida across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (66.3%)
  2. Carpooled (10.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.73%)

In 2020, 66.3% of workers in Gainesville, FL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.6%) and those who worked at home (6.73%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Gainesville, FL have a shorter commute time (18.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.25% of the workforce in Gainesville, FL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Gainesville, FL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Gainesville, FL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Gainesville, FL have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

31.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Gainesville, FL (36.7k out of 117k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Gainesville, FL is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

90.8% of the population of Gainesville, FL has health coverage, with 52.4% on employee plans, 10.5% on Medicaid, 6.49% on Medicare, 19.5% on non-group plans, and 1.94% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Florida was $8,076 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,688).

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see 640 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (633 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 563 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 155 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Florida. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Florida, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Alachua County, FL.
640 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alachua County, FL

Primary care physicians in Alachua County, FL see an average of 640 patients per year. This represents a 1.11% increase from the previous year (633 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alachua County, FL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Florida.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Florida across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 18% under 18 years, 46.9% between 18 and 34 years, 24.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 10.9% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.5% were men and 53.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.19%
Uninsured
52.4%
Employer Coverage
10.5%
Medicaid
6.49%
Medicare
19.5%
Non-Group
1.94%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Gainesville, FL declined by 16.4% from 11% to 9.19%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Gainesville, FL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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