Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
154,623
0.0116% 1-year growth
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
41
1.91% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
10.2%
3.52% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$65,433
7.64% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$160,000
17.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
77,460
0.592% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY had a population of 155k people with a median age of 41 and a median household income of $65,433. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew from 154,605 to 154,623, a 0.0116% increase and its median household income grew from $60,790 to $65,433, a 7.64% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (81%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.27%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.13%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (1.77%), and White (Hispanic) (1.69%).

9.52% of the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98% of the residents in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Erie 1 BOCES (392 degrees awarded in 2022), Villa Maria College (90 degrees), and Continental School of Beauty Culture-West Seneca (64 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was $160,000, and the homeownership rate was 70.8%.

Most people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 20.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is home to a population of 155k people, from which 98% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.58% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents were born outside of the country (8.63k people).

In 2022, there were 8.73 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (125k people) in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.85k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Arabic (3,813 households), Spanish (3,287 households), and Polish (1,135 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
80,484
Women
52.1%
74,047
Men
47.9%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 154,531 inhabitants, with 47.9% men, and 52.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

98%
2022 Citizenship
98.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 98.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    125k ± 1.66k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    14.3k ± 1.19k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.85k ± 769
4.31%
Hispanic Population
6.67k people

In 2022, there were 8.73 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (125k people) in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 14.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.85k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.31% of the people in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are hispanic (6.67k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Yemen
    1,569 ± 968 people
  2. Bangladesh
    575 ± 588 people
  3. India
    512 ± 555 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Yemen, the natal country of 1,569 Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents, followed by Bangladesh with 575 and India with 512.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.58%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
8.63k people
5.29%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
8.17k people

As of 2022, 5.58% of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY residents (8.63k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 5.29%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Arabic
    3,813 households (2.6%)
  2. Spanish
    3,287 households (2.24%)
  3. Polish
    1,135 households (0.774%)

9.52% of the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was Arabic. 2.6% of the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY reported speaking Arabic at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,982 ± 332
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,195 ± 304
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,187 ± 227

Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.5 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY employs 77.5k people. The largest industries in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are Restaurants & Food Services (5,168 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,452 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,162 people), and the highest paying industries are Spectator sports ($130,074), Electric power generation, transmission & distribution ($129,475), and Furniture & home furnishings stores ($116,714).

Males in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have an average income that is 1.17 times higher than the average income of females, which is $55,203. The income inequality in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.379, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
37,674
Women
50.3%
37,241
Men
49.7%

The workforce of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY in 2020 was 74,915 people, with 50.3% woman, and 49.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY.

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Occupations

77.5k
2022 Value
0.592%
1 Year growth
± 0.592%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.592%, from 77k employees to 77.5k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, are Customer service representatives (2,505 people), Cashiers (2,137 people), and Registered nurses (1,991 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

77.5k
2022 Value
0.592%
1 Year growth
± 0.592%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew at a rate of 0.592%, from 77k employees to 77.5k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, are Restaurants & Food Services (5,168 people), Elementary & secondary schools (4,452 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (4,162 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, though some of these residents may live in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$49,502
Median earning men ± $1,502
$39,228
Median earning women ± $1,432

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($72,472), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,079), and Wholesale Trade ($57,321).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($64,492), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($51,053), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($44,384).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
2.74%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 9.56M people employed in New York. This represents a 2.74% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 19.7%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in New York went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 60.4% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (37.5%), followed by Other (0.813%).

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 26 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY awarded 593 degrees. The student population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 293 male students and 783 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are White (381 and 64.2%), followed by Black or African American (141 and 23.8%), Hispanic or Latino (37 and 6.24%), and Asian (13 and 2.19%).

The largest universities in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY by number of degrees awarded are Erie 1 BOCES (392 and 66.1%), Villa Maria College (90 and 15.2%), and Continental School of Beauty Culture-West Seneca (64 and 10.8%).

The most popular majors in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY are General Cosmetology (141 and 23.8%), Licensed Practical & Vocational Nurse Training (137 and 23.1%), and Electrician (55 and 9.27%).

The median tuition cost in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY for private four year colleges is $25,930.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 78.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 25.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 1,076 (27.2% men and 72.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 1,076 students enrolled in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, 27.2% men and 72.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 465 records, of which 75.9% were women and 24.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 141 degrees awarded
  2. 137 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate recipients in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was General Cosmetology with 141 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a 1 to 2 Year Postsecondary Certificate from schools in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 392 degrees awarded
  2. 90 degrees awarded
  3. 64 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Erie 1 BOCES with 392 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 176 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY, which is 0.422 times less than the 417 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 381 degrees mean that there were 2.7 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 141 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($25,930) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.964% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.29% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (41.2k), Some college (27.1k), and Bachelors Degree (21.4k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was $160,000 in 2022, which is 0.568 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $136,100 to $160,000, a 17.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is 70.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have an average commute time of 20.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is $65,433. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

Property

$160,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,502
$48,262
Median Property Taxes
±$1,506

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

70.8%
Homeownership
2022
59.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 70.8% of the housing units in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 70.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was NYC-Manhattan Community Districts 1 & 2--Financial District & Greenwich Village PUMA, NY with a value of $171,480, followed by Nassau County (Central)--Hempstead Town (East Central) PUMA, NY and Westchester County (Northeast) PUMA, NY, with respective values of $168,423 and $167,513.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$65,433
Median Household Income
± $1,489
68.2k
Number of Households
± 1,887

In 2022, the median household income of the 68.2k households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY grew to $65,433 from the previous year's value of $60,790.

The following chart displays the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.379
2022 Wage GINI in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY
0.377
2021 Wage GINI in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY

In 2022, the income inequality in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was 0.379 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.681% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (80.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (7.91%)
  3. Carpooled (6.72%)

In 2022, 80.9% of workers in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (7.91%) and those who carpooled to work (6.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

20.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have a shorter commute time (20.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.61% of the workforce in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

10.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY (15.5k out of 152k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Males 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.9% of the population of Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY has health coverage, with 49.5% on employee plans, 17.6% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.05% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in New York see 1180 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1194 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1192 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 308 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
1,180 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in New York

Primary care physicians in New York see an average of 1,180 patients per year. This represents a 1.17% decrease from the previous year (1,194 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in New York in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.7% under 18 years, 22.5% between 18 and 34 years, 38.5% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.9% were men and 53.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.12%
Uninsured
49.5%
Employer Coverage
17.6%
Medicaid
14.9%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
1.05%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY declined by 6.09% from 3.32% to 3.12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Erie County (Central) PUMA, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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