Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
103,525
0.621% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
42.3
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
12.9%
3.06% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$59,837
7.01% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$132,900
14.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
45,975
0.83% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA had a population of 104k people with a median age of 42.3 and a median household income of $59,837. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA declined from 104,172 to 103,525, a −0.621% decrease and its median household income grew from $55,915 to $59,837, a 7.01% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (3.44%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.43%), White (Hispanic) (2.65%), and Other (Hispanic) (1.45%).

4.56% of the households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.4% of the residents in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are Southeastern Community College (767 degrees awarded in 2022), Iowa Wesleyan University (144 degrees), and American Hair Academy (10 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was $132,900, and the homeownership rate was 73.4%.

Most people in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA is home to a population of 104k people, from which 98.4% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.87% of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.98k people).

In 2022, there were 25.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.3k people) in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.56k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.55k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are Spanish (2,956 households), Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages (273 households), and Tamil (215 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
51,221
Women
49.5%
52,196
Men
50.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 103,417 inhabitants, with 50.5% men, and 49.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

98.4%
2022 Citizenship
98.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.4% of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was 98.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    89.3k ± 260
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    3.56k ± 282
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    3.55k ± 416
5.38%
Hispanic Population
5.57k people

In 2022, there were 25.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (89.3k people) in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 3.56k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 3.55k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.38% of the people in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are hispanic (5.57k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    932 ± 746 people
  2. Laos
    265 ± 399 people
  3. Australia
    183 ± 332 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was Mexico, the natal country of 932 Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA residents, followed by Laos with 265 and Australia with 183.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.87%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
2.98k people
3.05%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
3.18k people

As of 2022, 2.87% of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA residents (2.98k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was 3.05%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    2,956 households (3.03%)
  2. Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages
    273 households (0.28%)
  3. Tamil
    215 households (0.22%)

4.56% of the households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was Spanish. 3.03% of the households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,810 ± 290
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,072 ± 192
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,010 ± 159

Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA employs 46k people. The largest industries in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are Elementary & secondary schools (3,372 people), Construction (2,946 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,428 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($146,634), Rail transportation ($119,193), and Resin, synthetic rubber, & fibers & filaments manufacturing ($117,765).

Males in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA have an average income that is 1.35 times higher than the average income of females, which is $47,465. The income inequality in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.434, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
22,108
Women
47.7%
24,257
Men
52.3%

The workforce of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA in 2020 was 46,365 people, with 47.7% woman, and 52.3% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

46k
2022 Value
−0.83%
1 Year decline
± −0.83%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA declined at a rate of −0.83%, from 46.4k employees to 46k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, are Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,665 people), Cashiers (1,297 people), and Laborers & freight, stock, & material movers, hand (1,259 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

46k
2022 Value
−0.83%
1 Year decline
± −0.83%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA declined at a rate of −0.83%, from 46.4k employees to 46k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, are Elementary & secondary schools (3,372 people), Construction (2,946 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (2,428 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, though some of these residents may live in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,384
Median earning men ± $1,490
$31,805
Median earning women ± $1,021

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($69,893), Wholesale Trade ($58,961), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($56,683).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($53,819), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($41,146), and Manufacturing ($39,948).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Illinois.
Y-Axis
2.47%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 6.03M people employed in Illinois. This represents a 2.47% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Illinois.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Iowa went to Donald J. Trump with 52.8% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (44.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.16%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA awarded 921 degrees. The student population of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,519 male students and 1,848 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are Unknown (393 and 43.9%), followed by White (331 and 36.9%), Black or African American (85 and 9.49%), and Hispanic or Latino (36 and 4.02%).

The largest universities in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA by number of degrees awarded are Southeastern Community College (767 and 83.3%), Iowa Wesleyan University (144 and 15.6%), and American Hair Academy (10 and 1.09%).

The most popular majors in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (217 and 23.6%), Nursing Assistant & Patient Care Assistant (92 and 9.99%), and Welding Technology (71 and 7.71%).

The median tuition cost in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA for private four year colleges is $33,550.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 80.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 8.03%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 3,367 (45.1% men and 54.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 3,367 students enrolled in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, 45.1% men and 54.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 1,662 records, of which 59.2% were women and 40.8% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 217 degrees awarded
  2. 50 degrees awarded
  3. 16 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 217 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 767 degrees awarded
  2. 144 degrees awarded
  3. 10 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Southeastern Community College with 767 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 340 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA, which is 0.585 times less than the 581 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Unknown students. These 393 degrees mean that there were 1.19 times more degrees awarded to Unknown students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 331 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($33,550) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,150) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,298) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 0.703% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.666% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (29.3k), Some college (18.8k), and Associates Degree (10.7k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was $132,900 in 2022, which is 0.471 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $116,000 to $132,900, a 14.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA is 73.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA is $59,837. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was Dallas, Madison Counties PUMA, IA with a value of $97,664, followed by Polk County (West) PUMA, IA and Linn County outside Cedar Rapids City PUMA, IA, with respective values of $93,727 and $91,766.

Property

$132,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,898
$31,750
Median Property Taxes
±$1,017

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

73.4%
Homeownership
2022
60.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 73.4% of the housing units in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 73.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was Dallas, Madison Counties PUMA, IA with a value of $97,664, followed by Polk County (West) PUMA, IA and Linn County outside Cedar Rapids City PUMA, IA, with respective values of $93,727 and $91,766.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,837
Median Household Income
± $1,628
43.3k
Number of Households
± 1,311

In 2022, the median household income of the 43.3k households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA grew to $59,837 from the previous year's value of $55,915.

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.434
2022 Wage GINI in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA
0.416
2021 Wage GINI in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA

In 2022, the income inequality in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was 0.434 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 4.35% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (82.3%)
  2. Carpooled (8.84%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.86%)

In 2022, 82.3% of workers in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.84%) and those who worked at home (4.86%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.39% of the workforce in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

12.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA (12.8k out of 99.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA is White, followed by Black and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

96.1% of the population of Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA has health coverage, with 46% on employee plans, 20.1% on Medicaid, 15.2% on Medicare, 13.4% on non-group plans, and 1.35% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Iowa see 1347 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (1357 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1436 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 569 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
1,347 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Iowa

Primary care physicians in Iowa see an average of 1,347 patients per year. This represents a 0.737% decrease from the previous year (1,357 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Iowa in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.5% under 18 years, 18.3% between 18 and 34 years, 38.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 20.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.7% were men and 51.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.88%
Uninsured
46%
Employer Coverage
20.1%
Medicaid
15.2%
Medicare
13.4%
Non-Group
1.35%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA declined by 9.65% from 4.29% to 3.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Des Moines, Lee, Henry & Louisa Counties PUMA, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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