Cortland County, NY

County

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2020 Population
47,618
0.516% 1-year decline
US Senator
Chuck Schumer
Democratic Party
US Senator
Kirsten Gillibrand
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
36.4
0% 1-year change
2020 Poverty Rate
14.4%
11.9% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$59,194
5.66% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$126,700
2.34% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
23,678
1.88% 1-year growth

About

In 2020, Cortland County, NY had a population of 47.6k people with a median age of 36.4 and a median household income of $59,194. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Cortland County, NY declined from 47,865 to 47,618, a −0.516% decrease and its median household income grew from $56,023 to $59,194, a 5.66% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cortland County, NY are White (Non-Hispanic) (92.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.04%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.84%), White (Hispanic) (1.79%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.953%).

None of the households in Cortland County, NY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Cortland County, NY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cortland County, NY are SUNY Cortland (1,855 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Cortland County, NY was $126,700, and the homeownership rate was 66.2%. Most people in Cortland County, NY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Cortland County, NY was 2 cars per household.

Diversity

Cortland County, NY is home to a population of 47.6k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2020, 2.51% of Cortland County, NY residents were born outside of the country (1.2k people).

In 2020, there were 45.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (43.9k people) in Cortland County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 971 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 874 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Race and Ethnicity

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cortland County, NY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    43.9k ± 119
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    971 ± 110
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    874 ± 193
2.8%
Hispanic Population
1.33k people

In 2020, there were 45.2 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (43.9k people) in Cortland County, NY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 971 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 874 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.8% of the people in Cortland County, NY are hispanic (1.33k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cortland County, NY as a share of the total population.

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Heritage

Foreign-Born Population

2.51%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.2k people
1.93%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
925 people

As of 2020, 2.51% of Cortland County, NY residents (1.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cortland County, NY was 1.93%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cortland County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Age by Nativity

36
Median Native-Born Age
± 0.5
45
Median Foreign-Born Age
± 9.7

In 2020, the median age of all people in Cortland County, NY was 36.4. Native-born citizens, with a median age of 36, were generally younger than foreign-born citizens, with a median age of 45. But people in Cortland County, NY are getting staying the same age. In 2019, the average age of all Cortland County, NY residents was 36.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
Most Common Origin
  1. Dominican Republic
    495,720 ± 17,065 people
  2. China
    408,272 ± 15,522 people
  3. Jamaica
    227,326 ± 11,637 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of New York was Dominican Republic, the natal country of 495,720 New York residents, followed by China with 408,272 and Jamaica with 227,326.

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Citizenship

99%
2020 Citizenship
99.3%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99% of Cortland County, NY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Cortland County, NY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cortland County, NY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Military

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    922 ± 132
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    438 ± 139
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    410 ± 144

Cortland County, NY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.11 times greater than any other conflict.

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COVID-19

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for New York. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in New York, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in New York (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in New York. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in New York.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of New York across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Economy

Median household income in Cortland County, NY is $59,194. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Cortland County, NY was Census Tract 9708 with a value of $100,761, followed by Census Tract 9707 and Census Tract 9710, with respective values of $72,917 and $70,156.

Males in New York have an average income that is 1.28 times higher than the average income of females, which is $66,479. The income inequality in New York (measured using the Gini index) is 0.494, which is higher than than the national average.

The economy of Cortland County, NY employs 23.7k people. The largest industries in Cortland County, NY are Educational Services (4,142 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,323 people), and Retail Trade (2,770 people), and the highest paying industries are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($130,474), Public Administration ($56,951), and Utilities ($53,310).

Wages

Median Household Income

$59,194
2020 value
± $3,852
5.66%
1 Year Growth
± 6.92%

Households in Cortland County, NY have a median annual income of $59,194, which is less than the median annual income of $64,994 across the entire United States. This is in comparison to a median income of $56,023 in 2019, which represents a 5.66% annual growth.

The following chart shows how the median household income in Cortland County, NY compares to that of its neighboring and parent geographies.

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Wage by Sex in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
$85,171
Average Male Salary in New York
± $1,267
$66,479
Average Female Salary in New York
± $926

In 2020, full-time male employees in New York made 1.28 times more than female employees.

This chart shows the sex-based wage disparity in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage by Race and Ethnicity in Common Jobs

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for New York.
Highest Average Salaries by Race & Ethnicity in New York
  1. White
    $72,560 ± $946
  2. Asian
    $70,995 ± $2,574
  3. Two or More Races
    $56,378 ± $2,889

In 2020 the highest paid race/ethnicity of New York workers was White. These workers were paid 1.02 times more than Asian workers, who made the second highest salary of any race/ethnicity in New York.

This chart shows the race- and ethnicity-based wage disparities in the 5 most common occupations in New York by number of full-time employees.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cortland County, NY is from New York.
0.494
2020 Wage GINI in New York
0.497
2019 Wage GINI in New York

In 2020, the income inequality in New York was 0.494 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.645% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for New York was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in New York in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in New York across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9708
  2. Census Tract 9707
  3. Census Tract 9710

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cortland County, NY was Census Tract 9708 with a value of $100,761, followed by Census Tract 9707 and Census Tract 9710, with respective values of $72,917 and $70,156.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Cortland County, NY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Poverty by Age and Sex

Females 18 - 24
Largest Demographic Living in Poverty

14.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cortland County, NY (6.37k out of 44.1k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Poverty by Race and Ethnicity

Largest Race or Ethnicity Living in Poverty
  1. White
    5,861 ± 482
  2. Hispanic
    527 ± 188
  3. Two Or More
    229 ± 149

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cortland County, NY is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Occupations

Employment by Occupations

23.7k
2020 Value
± 996
1.88%
1 Year growth
± 5.69%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Cortland County, NY grew at a rate of 1.88%, from 23.2k employees to 23.7k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cortland County, NY, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,338 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,277 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,100 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY.

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Most Common

The most common jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY, by number of employees, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,338 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,277 people), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (2,100 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cortland County, NY has an unusually high number of residents working as Architecture & Engineering Occupations (1.5 times higher than expected), Fire Fighting & Prevention, & Other Protective Service Workers Including Supervisors (1.48 times), and Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (1.45 times).

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Highest Paid

The highest paid jobs held by residents of Cortland County, NY, by median earnings, are Law Enforcement Workers Including Supervisors ($85,015), Architecture & Engineering Occupations ($68,491), and Computer & Mathematical Occupations ($68,412).

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Industries

Employment by Industries

23.7k
2020 Value
± 996
1.88%
1 Year growth
± 5.69%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Cortland County, NY grew at a rate of 1.88%, from 23.2k employees to 23.7k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cortland County, NY, are Educational Services (4,142 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,323 people), and Retail Trade (2,770 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cortland County, NY, though some of these residents may live in Cortland County, NY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Most Common

The most common industries in Cortland County, NY, by number of employees, are Educational Services (4,142 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (3,323 people), and Retail Trade (2,770 people).

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Most Specialized

Compared to other counties, Cortland County, NY has an unusually high number of Educational Services (1.88 times higher than expected), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting (1.66 times), and Accommodation & Food Services (1.31 times) industries.

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Highest Paying

The highest paying industries in Cortland County, NY, by median earnings, are Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($130,474), Public Administration ($56,951), and Utilities ($53,310).

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Domestic Trade

Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $140B
  2. $74.5B
  3. $67.4B

In 2020, the top outbound New York product (by dollars) was Misc. mfg. prods. with $140B, followed by Electronics ($74.5B) and Mixed freight ($67.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound New York products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for New York.
$818B
2020 Value in New York
$1.62T
Projected 2050 Value in New York
98% growth

In 2020, total outbound New York trade was $818B. This is expected to increase 98% to $1.62T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound New York trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from New York to other states, or from other states to New York.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $67.2B
  2. $49.9B
  3. $31.3B

In 2020, the top outbound New York domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was New Jersey with $67.2B, followed by Pennsylvania with $49.9B and California and $31.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that New York shares with each state (excluding itself).

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Cortland County, NY went to Donald J. Trump with 49.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (47.4%), followed by Other (2.01%). The most partisan county was New York County, NY with 86% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing the state of New York. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

Presidential Popular Vote by County

Presidential voting results are only available at the county level. Showing data for the counties inside of New York.
Donald J. Trump
Popular Vote for Cortland County, NY
49.3% for the Republican Party
Most Partisan Counties in New York
  1. 86% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  2. 82.2% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)
  3. 76.4% for Joseph R Biden Jr. (Democratic Party)

In the 2020 presidential election, the most partisan county in New York was New York County, NY with 86% of the vote going to Joseph R Biden Jr. running for the Democratic Party.

The following map shows the counties in New York colored by their party leaning.

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US Senators from New York

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
Chuck Schumer
Senator from New York3
Assumed office on January 3, 1999
Kirsten Gillibrand
Senator from New York1
Assumed office on January 26, 2009
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Hillary Clinton, who had become Secretary of State.

Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand are the senators currently representing New York.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in New York over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from New York

New York is currently represented by 27 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for New York have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2020, universities in Cortland County, NY awarded 1,855 degrees. The student population of Cortland County, NY is skewed towards women, with 2,935 male students and 3,897 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cortland County, NY are White (1,379 and 74.9%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (196 and 10.7%), Black or African American (125 and 6.79%), and Unknown (79 and 4.29%).

The largest universities in Cortland County, NY by number of degrees awarded are SUNY Cortland (1,855 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Cortland County, NY are Sport & Fitness Management (173 and 9.33%), Elementary Education & Teaching (153 and 8.25%), and Kinesiology & Exercise Science (143 and 7.71%).

The median tuition cost in Cortland County, NY for a public four year colleges is $7,070 for in-state students and $16,980 for out-of-state students.

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 137 degree-majorss awarded
  2. 135 degree-majorss awarded
  3. 135 degree-majorss awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cortland County, NY was Physical Education Teaching & Coaching with 137 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cortland County, NY according to their major.

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Universities

Largest Universities by degrees awarded
1,855 degrees awarded
$7,070
Median In-State Public

In 2020, the Cortland County, NY institution with the largest number of graduating students was SUNY Cortland with 1,855 degrees awarded.

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Student Sex for Common Institutions

774
Degrees Awarded to Men
1,081
Degrees Awarded to Women

In 2020, 774 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cortland County, NY, which is 0.716 times less than the 1,081 female students who received degrees in the same year.

This chart displays the sex disparity between the institutions in Cortland County, NY by degrees awarded.

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Student Race and Ethnicity

Most Common Student Race or Ethnicity
  1. White
    1,379 degrees awarded
  2. Hispanic or Latino
    196 degrees awarded
  3. Black or African American
    125 degrees awarded

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions in Cortland County, NY was White students. These 1,379 degrees mean that there were 7.04 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 196 degrees awarded.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cortland County, NY was $126,700 in 2020, which is 0.551 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $123,800 to $126,700, a 2.34% increase. The homeownership rate in Cortland County, NY is 66.2%, which is higher than the national average of 64.4%. People in Cortland County, NY have an average commute time of 21.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cortland County, NY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Housing

Property Value

$126,700
2020 Median
± $4,026
$123,800
2019 Median
± $2,980

In 2020, the median property value in Cortland County, NY grew to to $126,700 from the previous year's value of $123,800.

The following charts display, first, the property values in Cortland County, NY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies and, second, owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property value buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cortland County, NY the largest share of households have a property value in the $100k - $125k range.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$59,194
Median Household Income
± $3,852
18k
Number of Households
± 835

In 2020, the median household income of the 18k households in Cortland County, NY grew to $59,194 from the previous year's value of $56,023.

The following chart displays the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Property Taxes

$3k+
Average Range

This chart shows the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cortland County, NY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

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Rent vs Own

66.2%
2020 Homeownership
65.6%
2019 Homeownership

In 2020, 66.2% of the housing units in Cortland County, NY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.6%.

This percentage of owner-occupation is higher than the national average of 64.4%. This chart shows the ownership percentage in Cortland County, NY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Commute Time

21.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cortland County, NY have a shorter commute time (21.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.36% of the workforce in Cortland County, NY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cortland County, NY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (76.6%)
  2. Carpooled (11%)
  3. Worked At Home (5.1%)

In 2020, 76.6% of workers in Cortland County, NY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11%) and those who worked at home (5.1%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Transportation

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cortland County, NY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cortland County, NY have 2 cars, followed by false.

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Health

96.6% of the population of Cortland County, NY has health coverage, with 54.8% on employee plans, 18.2% on Medicaid, 12.1% on Medicare, 10.7% on non-group plans, and 0.786% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in New York was $9,778 in 2014. This is a 4.57% increase from the previous year ($9,351).

Primary care physicians in Cortland County, NY see 2517 patients per year on average, which represents a 5.36% increase from the previous year (2389 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2974 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 273 patients per year.

Comparing across all counties in the state, Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes (15.7%). Additionally, Chenango County has the highest prevalence of adult obesity (39.3%)

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,517 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cortland County, NY

Primary care physicians in Cortland County, NY see an average of 2,517 patients per year. This represents a 5.36% increase from the previous year (2,389 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cortland County, NY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Behavioral Health Conditions

Data only available at the state level.
State with the Highest Prevalence
  1. 8.26% of the population affected
  2. 8.13% of the population affected
  3. 7.98% of the population affected

In 2016, West Virginia had the highest prevalence of adults with major depressive episode, with 8.26% of the population affected. The second highest is Arkansas (8.13%), followed by New Hampshire (7.98%).

The following map shows the percent of individuals with major depressive episode by state over multiple years.

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Access and Quality

Data only available at state level.
Most prevalent states
  1. 19.2% of adults
  2. 17.9% of adults
  3. 17.6% of adults

In 2016, Mississippi had the highest prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost, at 19.2%. It is followed by Texas (17.9%) and Louisiana (17.6%).

The following map shows the prevalence of adults who haven't seen a doctor in the past 12 months due to cost by state over multiple years.

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Health Care Spending

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for New York.
$9,778
Total Per Capita Spending on Personal Health Care in New York
$5,338
Per Enrollee Private Health Insurance Spending on Personal Health Care
$9,803
Per Enrollee Medicaid Spending on Personal Health Care
$12,179
Per Enrollee Medicare Spending on Personal Health Care

Between 2013 and 2014, all personal health care spending per capita in New York (including private, Medicare, and Medicaid) grew 4.57%, from $9,351 to $9,778.

The following chart shows how this spending changed over time in comparison to Medicaid, Medicare, and private insurance spending, per enrollee.

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Health Care Coverage

3.4%
Uninsured
54.8%
Employer Coverage
18.2%
Medicaid
12.1%
Medicare
10.7%
Non-Group
0.786%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cortland County, NY grew by 7.7% from 3.15% to 3.4%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cortland County, NY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Risks

Data available at the county level.
Most at risk counties
  1. 15.7% prevalence
  2. 14.3% prevalence
  3. 14.2% prevalence

Orleans County has the highest prevalence of diabetes in New York, at 15.7%.

The following map shows the prevalence of diabetes in New York by county over multiple years.

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