Columbia County, WI

County

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2022 Population
58,272
0.091% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ron Johnson
Republican Party
US Senator
Tammy Baldwin
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
42.8
0.469% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
7.52%
11.3% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$79,271
7.43% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$243,600
13.5% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Columbia County, WI had a population of 58.3k people with a median age of 42.8 and a median household income of $79,271. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbia County, WI grew from 58,219 to 58,272, a 0.091% increase and its median household income grew from $73,786 to $79,271, a 7.43% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WI are White (Non-Hispanic) (91.2%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.53%), White (Hispanic) (1.34%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.32%).

None of the households in Columbia County, WI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Columbia County, WI are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Columbia County, WI was $243,600, and the homeownership rate was 75.8%.

Most people in Columbia County, WI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, WI was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Columbia County, WI is home to a population of 58.3k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.48% of Columbia County, WI residents were born outside of the country (1.44k people).

In 2022, there were 43.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.2k people) in Columbia County, WI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.22k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 890 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
98.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Columbia County, WI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, WI was 98.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, WI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    53.2k ± 117
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    1.22k ± 231
  3. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    890 ± 171
3.87%
Hispanic Population
2.25k people

In 2022, there were 43.5 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (53.2k people) in Columbia County, WI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 1.22k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 890 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.87% of the people in Columbia County, WI are hispanic (2.25k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, WI as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.48%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.44k people
2.54%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.48k people

As of 2022, 2.48% of Columbia County, WI residents (1.44k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, WI was 2.54%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, WI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,033 ± 137
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    623 ± 144
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    414 ± 105

Columbia County, WI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia County, WI employs 30.8k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, WI are Manufacturing (5,039 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,253 people), and Retail Trade (3,120 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($97,500), Finance & Insurance ($65,543), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($63,750).

Occupations

30.8k
2022 Value
± 987
−0.43%
1 Year decline
± 4.48%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, WI declined at a rate of −0.43%, from 30.9k employees to 30.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, WI, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (3,722 people), Management Occupations (3,588 people), and Production Occupations (2,731 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, WI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Wisconsin (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

30.8k
2022 Value
± 987
−0.43%
1 Year decline
± 4.48%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, WI declined at a rate of −0.43%, from 30.9k employees to 30.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, WI, are Manufacturing (5,039 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (4,253 people), and Retail Trade (3,120 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, WI, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, WI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$55,855
Median earning men ± $1,490
$40,773
Median earning women ± $1,700

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($82,552), Public Administration ($68,125), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($62,206).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($61,086), Wholesale Trade ($53,920), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($53,633).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.
Y-Axis
1.6%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.95M people employed in Wisconsin. This represents a 1.6% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.3%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Wisconsin.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 386
    Manufacturing
  2. 347
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. 338
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, WI went to Donald J. Trump with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (48.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.24%).

Ron Johnson and Tammy Baldwin are the senators currently representing the state of Wisconsin. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Wisconsin is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Wisconsin

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.
Ron Johnson
Senator from Wisconsin3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tammy Baldwin
Senator from Wisconsin1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Ron Johnson and Tammy Baldwin are the senators currently representing Wisconsin.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Wisconsin over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Wisconsin

Wisconsin is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Wisconsin have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.
Measure

In 2022, 0.697% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.597% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Wisconsin.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.41M), Some college (1.02M), and Bachelors Degree (921k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, WI was $243,600 in 2022, which is 0.864 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $214,600 to $243,600, a 13.5% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, WI is 75.8%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbia County, WI have an average commute time of 26.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, WI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia County, WI is $79,271. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, WI was Census Tract 9709 with a value of $115,368, followed by Census Tract 9708 and Census Tract 9707, with respective values of $104,737 and $92,887.

Property

$243,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,800
$18,253
Median Property Taxes
±$645

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, WI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia County, WI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

75.8%
Homeownership
2022
61.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 75.8% of the housing units in Columbia County, WI were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 75.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia County, WI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9709
  2. Census Tract 9708
  3. Census Tract 9707

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, WI was Census Tract 9709 with a value of $115,368, followed by Census Tract 9708 and Census Tract 9707, with respective values of $104,737 and $92,887.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, WI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$79,271
Median Household Income
± $2,428
24.1k
Number of Households
± 841

In 2022, the median household income of the 24.1k households in Columbia County, WI grew to $79,271 from the previous year's value of $73,786.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, WI is from Wisconsin.
0.443
2022 Wage GINI in Wisconsin
0.443
2021 Wage GINI in Wisconsin

In 2022, the income inequality in Wisconsin was 0.443 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.043% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Wisconsin was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Wisconsin in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Wisconsin across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (9.5%)
  3. Carpooled (8.17%)

In 2022, 78.9% of workers in Columbia County, WI drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (9.5%) and those who carpooled to work (8.17%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, WI have a shorter commute time (26.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.9% of the workforce in Columbia County, WI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, WI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, WI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, WI have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

7.52% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, WI (4.27k out of 56.7k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 65 - 74, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, WI is White, followed by Hispanic and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.9% of the population of Columbia County, WI has health coverage, with 55.6% on employee plans, 10.7% on Medicaid, 13.7% on Medicare, 13.1% on non-group plans, and 1.71% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WI see 2301 patients per year on average, which represents a 4.31% increase from the previous year (2206 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2621 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 874 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.3% were men and 49.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,301 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, WI

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, WI see an average of 2,301 patients per year. This represents a 4.31% increase from the previous year (2,206 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, WI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.6% under 18 years, 17.4% between 18 and 34 years, 41.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.3% were men and 49.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.08%
Uninsured
55.6%
Employer Coverage
10.7%
Medicaid
13.7%
Medicare
13.1%
Non-Group
1.71%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, WI grew by 1.14% from 5.02% to 5.08%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, WI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 32.9 in Columbia County, WI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, WI.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.6% in Columbia County, WI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, WI.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.87% in Columbia County, WI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, WI.

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