Columbia County, OR

County

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2022 Population
52,865
0.924% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ron Wyden
Democratic Party
US Senator
Jeff Merkley
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
43.1
0.462% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
9.12%
9.91% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$83,265
12.7% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$365,100
16.8% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Columbia County, OR had a population of 52.9k people with a median age of 43.1 and a median household income of $83,265. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Columbia County, OR grew from 52,381 to 52,865, a 0.924% increase and its median household income grew from $73,909 to $83,265, a 12.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, OR are White (Non-Hispanic) (85.8%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5.59%), Two+ (Hispanic) (3.08%), White (Hispanic) (2.39%), and American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (0.889%).

None of the households in Columbia County, OR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.8% of the residents in Columbia County, OR are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Columbia County, OR was $365,100, and the homeownership rate was 76.6%.

Most people in Columbia County, OR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 34.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Columbia County, OR was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Columbia County, OR is home to a population of 52.9k people, from which 98.8% are citizens. As of 2022, 2.8% of Columbia County, OR residents were born outside of the country (1.48k people).

In 2022, there were 15.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (45.3k people) in Columbia County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.95k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.63k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.8%
2022 Citizenship
99.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.8% of Columbia County, OR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Columbia County, OR was 99.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Columbia County, OR
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    45.3k ± 423
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.95k ± 472
  3. Two+ (Hispanic)
    1.63k ± 661
6.03%
Hispanic Population
3.19k people

In 2022, there were 15.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (45.3k people) in Columbia County, OR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.95k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 1.63k Two+ (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

6.03% of the people in Columbia County, OR are hispanic (3.19k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Columbia County, OR as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

2.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
1.48k people
2.6%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
1.36k people

As of 2022, 2.8% of Columbia County, OR residents (1.48k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Columbia County, OR was 2.6%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Columbia County, OR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,011 ± 299
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    840 ± 188
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    624 ± 163

Columbia County, OR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Columbia County, OR employs 24.4k people. The largest industries in Columbia County, OR are Manufacturing (4,020 people), Retail Trade (3,160 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,955 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($102,769), Utilities ($100,721), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting ($67,841).

Occupations

24.4k
2022 Value
± 1,216
2.46%
1 Year growth
± 6.85%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 2.46%, from 23.8k employees to 24.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Columbia County, OR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (2,799 people), Sales & Related Occupations (2,458 people), and Management Occupations (2,384 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Columbia County, OR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Oregon (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

24.4k
2022 Value
± 1,216
2.46%
1 Year growth
± 6.85%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Columbia County, OR grew at a rate of 2.46%, from 23.8k employees to 24.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Columbia County, OR, are Manufacturing (4,020 people), Retail Trade (3,160 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (2,955 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Columbia County, OR, though some of these residents may live in Columbia County, OR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$56,941
Median earning men ± $2,878
$36,085
Median earning women ± $3,030

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($103,500), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($80,491), and Public Administration ($77,875).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($58,750), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($51,196), and Manufacturing ($48,783).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Y-Axis
2.87%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.97M people employed in Oregon. This represents a 2.87% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.1%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Oregon.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 318
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 222
    Manufacturing
  3. 194
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Columbia County, OR went to Donald J. Trump with 53.2% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (42.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.44%).

Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley are the senators currently representing the state of Oregon. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Oregon is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Oregon

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Ron Wyden
Senator from Oregon3
Assumed office on February 5, 1996
Elected to the seat following the resignation of Bob Packwood.
Jeff Merkley
Senator from Oregon2
Assumed office on January 3, 2009

Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley are the senators currently representing Oregon.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Oregon over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Oregon

Oregon is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Oregon have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Measure

In 2022, 0.928% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.891% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Oregon.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were Some college (868k), High School or Equivalent (807k), and Bachelors Degree (693k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Columbia County, OR was $365,100 in 2022, which is 1.3 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $312,700 to $365,100, a 16.8% increase. The homeownership rate in Columbia County, OR is 76.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Columbia County, OR have an average commute time of 34.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Columbia County, OR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Columbia County, OR is $83,265. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Columbia County, OR was Census Tract 9710 with a value of $111,419, followed by Census Tract 9706 and Census Tract 9705, with respective values of $98,679 and $91,285.

Property

$365,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$11,545
$15,577
Median Property Taxes
±$877

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Columbia County, OR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Columbia County, OR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

76.6%
Homeownership
2022
66.5%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 76.6% of the housing units in Columbia County, OR were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.6%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Columbia County, OR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9710
  2. Census Tract 9706
  3. Census Tract 9705

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Columbia County, OR was Census Tract 9710 with a value of $111,419, followed by Census Tract 9706 and Census Tract 9705, with respective values of $98,679 and $91,285.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Columbia County, OR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$83,265
Median Household Income
± $4,258
20.3k
Number of Households
± 1,059

In 2022, the median household income of the 20.3k households in Columbia County, OR grew to $83,265 from the previous year's value of $73,909.

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Columbia County, OR is from Oregon.
0.463
2022 Wage GINI in Oregon
0.462
2021 Wage GINI in Oregon

In 2022, the income inequality in Oregon was 0.463 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.21% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Oregon was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Oregon in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Oregon across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (73.6%)
  2. Carpooled (13.2%)
  3. Worked At Home (9.69%)

In 2022, 73.6% of workers in Columbia County, OR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (13.2%) and those who worked at home (9.69%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

34.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Columbia County, OR have a longer commute time (34.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.24% of the workforce in Columbia County, OR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Columbia County, OR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Columbia County, OR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Columbia County, OR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

9.12% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Columbia County, OR (4.76k out of 52.2k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Columbia County, OR is White, followed by Two Or More and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

94.9% of the population of Columbia County, OR has health coverage, with 47.6% on employee plans, 18.4% on Medicaid, 14.3% on Medicare, 12.6% on non-group plans, and 1.96% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see 2909 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.0344% decrease from the previous year (2910 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1652 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 237 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.5% were men and 49.5% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,909 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Columbia County, OR

Primary care physicians in Columbia County, OR see an average of 2,909 patients per year. This represents a 0.0344% decrease from the previous year (2,910 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Columbia County, OR in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.4% under 18 years, 18.2% between 18 and 34 years, 41% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.5% were men and 49.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.15%
Uninsured
47.6%
Employer Coverage
18.4%
Medicaid
14.3%
Medicare
12.6%
Non-Group
1.96%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Columbia County, OR declined by 2.15% from 5.26% to 5.15%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Columbia County, OR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 38.8 in Columbia County, OR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, OR.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.1% in Columbia County, OR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, OR.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.28% in Columbia County, OR.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Columbia County, OR.

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