Bowie County, TX

County

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2022 Population
92,747
0.226% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.2
0.262% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
17.4%
6.15% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$56,628
3.06% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$150,300
13.3% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
38,137
1.47% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Bowie County, TX had a population of 92.7k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $56,628. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Bowie County, TX declined from 92,957 to 92,747, a −0.226% decrease and its median household income grew from $54,949 to $56,628, a 3.06% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Bowie County, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (62.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (25.1%), White (Hispanic) (4.58%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.54%), and Other (Hispanic) (2.19%).

None of the households in Bowie County, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97.5% of the residents in Bowie County, TX are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bowie County, TX are Texarkana College (680 degrees awarded in 2022), Texas A&M University-Texarkana (496 degrees), and Cosmetology Academy of Texarkana (53 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Bowie County, TX was $150,300, and the homeownership rate was 62.9%.

Most people in Bowie County, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Bowie County, TX was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Bowie County, TX is home to a population of 92.7k people, from which 97.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.14% of Bowie County, TX residents were born outside of the country (3.84k people).

In 2022, there were 2.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (57.7k people) in Bowie County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.24k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97.5%
2022 Citizenship
97.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97.5% of Bowie County, TX residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Bowie County, TX was 97.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bowie County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Bowie County, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    57.7k ± 132
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    23.3k ± 495
  3. White (Hispanic)
    4.24k ± 570
8.11%
Hispanic Population
7.52k people

In 2022, there were 2.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (57.7k people) in Bowie County, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.3k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.24k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.11% of the people in Bowie County, TX are hispanic (7.52k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Bowie County, TX as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Texas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    2,430,315 ± 36,649 people
  2. India
    305,649 ± 13,502 people
  3. El Salvador
    224,600 ± 11,591 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Texas was Mexico, the natal country of 2,430,315 Texas residents, followed by India with 305,649 and El Salvador with 224,600.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.14%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
3.84k people
4.36%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
4.06k people

As of 2022, 4.14% of Bowie County, TX residents (3.84k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bowie County, TX was 4.36%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bowie County, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,232 ± 304
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,417 ± 272
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,001 ± 253

Bowie County, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.58 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Bowie County, TX employs 38.1k people. The largest industries in Bowie County, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,633 people), Retail Trade (4,932 people), and Educational Services (3,802 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($78,398), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($62,750), and Finance & Insurance ($62,639).

Males in Texas have an average income that is 1.38 times higher than the average income of females, which is $58,213. The income inequality in Texas (measured using the Gini index) is 0.476, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

38.1k
2022 Value
± 1,667
−1.47%
1 Year decline
± 6.23%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Bowie County, TX declined at a rate of −1.47%, from 38.7k employees to 38.1k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bowie County, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (4,626 people), Sales & Related Occupations (4,448 people), and Management Occupations (3,577 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bowie County, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

38.1k
2022 Value
± 1,667
−1.47%
1 Year decline
± 6.23%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Bowie County, TX declined at a rate of −1.47%, from 38.7k employees to 38.1k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bowie County, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (5,633 people), Retail Trade (4,932 people), and Educational Services (3,802 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bowie County, TX, though some of these residents may live in Bowie County, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,558
Median earning men ± $1,512
$34,429
Median earning women ± $1,205

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($69,063), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($59,688), and Public Administration ($59,490).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($47,410), Wholesale Trade ($46,959), and Public Administration ($44,517).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,043
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 819
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 498
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Bowie County, TX went to Donald J. Trump with 70.9% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (28.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.784%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Texas

Texas is currently represented by 38 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Texas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Bowie County, TX awarded 1,250 degrees. The student population of Bowie County, TX in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 2,268 male students and 3,779 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bowie County, TX are White (675 and 54.7%), followed by Black or African American (327 and 26.5%), Hispanic or Latino (150 and 12.2%), and Two or More Races (46 and 3.73%).

The largest universities in Bowie County, TX by number of degrees awarded are Texarkana College (680 and 54.4%), Texas A&M University-Texarkana (496 and 39.7%), and Cosmetology Academy of Texarkana (53 and 4.24%).

The most popular majors in Bowie County, TX are General Studies (139 and 11.1%), Registered Nursing (108 and 8.64%), and General Business Administration & Management (102 and 8.16%).

The median tuition cost in Bowie County, TX for a public four year colleges is $6,090 for in-state students and $18,819 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Bowie County, TX, the percentage of applicants admitted was 91.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 16.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 6,047 (37.5% men and 62.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 6,047 students enrolled in Bowie County, TX, 37.5% men and 62.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,355 records, of which 61% were women and 39% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 36 degrees awarded
  2. 100 degrees awarded
  3. 89 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Bowie County, TX was General Business with 36 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Bowie County, TX according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 680 degrees awarded
  2. 496 degrees awarded
  3. 53 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Texarkana College with 680 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 464 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bowie County, TX, which is 0.59 times less than the 786 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 675 degrees mean that there were 2.06 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 327 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($6,090) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,212) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,400) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Bowie County, TX was $150,300 in 2022, which is 0.533 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $132,700 to $150,300, a 13.3% increase. The homeownership rate in Bowie County, TX is 62.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Bowie County, TX have an average commute time of 18.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Bowie County, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Bowie County, TX is $56,628. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Bowie County, TX was Census Tract 115.01 with a value of $75,069, followed by Census Tract 117 and Census Tract 101, with respective values of $61,071 and $55,233.

In 2022, 15.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Bowie County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 2.05%.

Property

$150,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$6,835
$21,675
Median Property Taxes
±$1,094

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bowie County, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Bowie County, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

62.9%
Homeownership
2022
62.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 62.9% of the housing units in Bowie County, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.1%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Bowie County, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 115.01
  2. Census Tract 117
  3. Census Tract 101

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bowie County, TX was Census Tract 115.01 with a value of $75,069, followed by Census Tract 117 and Census Tract 101, with respective values of $61,071 and $55,233.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Bowie County, TX colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$56,628
Median Household Income
± $2,331
34.5k
Number of Households
± 1,478

In 2022, the median household income of the 34.5k households in Bowie County, TX grew to $56,628 from the previous year's value of $54,949.

The following chart displays the households in Bowie County, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bowie County, TX is from Texas.
0.476
2022 Wage GINI in Texas
0.476
2021 Wage GINI in Texas

In 2022, the income inequality in Texas was 0.476 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0231% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Texas was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Texas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Texas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (85.1%)
  2. Carpooled (8.36%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.42%)

In 2022, 85.1% of workers in Bowie County, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.36%) and those who worked at home (4.42%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bowie County, TX have a shorter commute time (18.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.17% of the workforce in Bowie County, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bowie County, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bowie County, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bowie County, TX have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 15.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Bowie County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 2.05%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.4% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bowie County, TX (15.1k out of 87k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bowie County, TX is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 23.4% of the children was living in poverty in Bowie County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.9%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 514 in Bowie County, TX. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 214 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

84.5% of the population of Bowie County, TX has health coverage, with 43.7% on employee plans, 15.8% on Medicaid, 13% on Medicare, 10.5% on non-group plans, and 1.42% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Bowie County, TX see 1392 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.59% decrease from the previous year (1429 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1700 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 926 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,392 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Bowie County, TX

Primary care physicians in Bowie County, TX see an average of 1,392 patients per year. This represents a 2.59% decrease from the previous year (1,429 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Bowie County, TX in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.1% under 18 years, 20.5% between 18 and 34 years, 36% between 35 and 64 years, and 17.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.7% were men and 52.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

15.5%
Uninsured
43.7%
Employer Coverage
15.8%
Medicaid
13%
Medicare
10.5%
Non-Group
1.42%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bowie County, TX grew by 5.53% from 14.7% to 15.5%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bowie County, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 73.4 in Bowie County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bowie County, TX.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 37.3% in Bowie County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bowie County, TX.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 17.3% in Bowie County, TX.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bowie County, TX.

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