Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2022 Population
120,597
1.12% 1-year growth
US Senator
Elizabeth Warren
Democratic Party
US Senator
Ed Markey
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
35.2
1.15% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
14.5%
0.106% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$106,368
8.83% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$685,300
10.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
70,617
1.71% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA had a population of 121k people with a median age of 35.2 and a median household income of $106,368. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA grew from 119,264 to 120,597, a 1.12% increase and its median household income grew from $97,740 to $106,368, a 8.83% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are White (Non-Hispanic) (49.2%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (19.8%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (11%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (5%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (4.83%).

29.3% of the households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.3% of the residents in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are University of Massachusetts-Boston (3,980 degrees awarded in 2022) and Jupiter Beauty Academy (333 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was $685,300, and the homeownership rate was 42.2%.

Most people in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 31.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA is home to a population of 121k people, from which 90.3% are citizens. As of 2022, 25.3% of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA residents were born outside of the country (30.6k people).

In 2022, there were 2.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (59.3k people) in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.3k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are Spanish (12,086 households), Vietnamese (6,482 households), and Haitian (3,445 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
60,879
Women
50.5%
59,691
Men
49.5%

The resident population of United States in 2022 was 120,570 inhabitants, with 49.5% men, and 50.5% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

90.3%
2022 Citizenship
89.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.3% of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was 89.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    59.3k ± 2.41k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    23.9k ± 1.87k
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    13.3k ± 1.35k
13.8%
Hispanic Population
16.6k people

In 2022, there were 2.48 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (59.3k people) in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.3k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

13.8% of the people in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are hispanic (16.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Vietnam
    5,670 ± 1,805 people
  2. Cabo Verde
    3,158 ± 1,361 people
  3. Jamaica
    2,529 ± 1,222 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was Vietnam, the natal country of 5,670 Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA residents, followed by Cabo Verde with 3,158 and Jamaica with 2,529.

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Foreign-Born Population

25.3%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
30.6k people
25.8%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
30.7k people

As of 2022, 25.3% of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA residents (30.6k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was 25.8%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    12,086 households (10.5%)
  2. Vietnamese
    6,482 households (5.65%)
  3. Haitian
    3,445 households (3%)

29.3% of the households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was Spanish. 10.5% of the households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    982 ± 271
  2. Vietnam
    672 ± 191
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    258 ± 127

Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.46 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA employs 70.6k people. The largest industries in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,353 people), Computer Systems Design (3,734 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,366 people), and the highest paying industries are Data processing, hosting & related services ($448,143), Software publishing ($181,344), and Real estate property managers, offices of real estate appraisers, and other activities related to real estate ($174,601).

Males in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA have an average income that is 1.19 times higher than the average income of females, which is $92,628. The income inequality in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.446, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
35,811
Women
50.2%
35,588
Men
49.8%

The workforce of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA in 2020 was 71,399 people, with 50.2% woman, and 49.8% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

70.6k
2022 Value
1.71%
1 Year growth
± 1.71%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 69.4k employees to 70.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, are Other managers (2,386 people), Registered nurses (1,893 people), and Customer service representatives (1,528 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Massachusetts (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

70.6k
2022 Value
1.71%
1 Year growth
± 1.71%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA grew at a rate of 1.71%, from 69.4k employees to 70.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, are General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (5,353 people), Computer Systems Design (3,734 people), and Elementary & secondary schools (3,366 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, though some of these residents may live in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$75,369
Median earning men ± $2,862
$64,472
Median earning women ± $4,105

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($104,781), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($98,006), and Public Administration ($97,530).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($93,024), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($90,970), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($81,105).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Y-Axis
2.61%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 3.67M people employed in Massachusetts. This represents a 2.61% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.5%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Massachusetts.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Massachusetts went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 65.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (31.9%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.29%).

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing the state of Massachusetts. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Massachusetts

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
Elizabeth Warren
Senator from Massachusetts1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013
Ed Markey
Senator from Massachusetts2
Assumed office on July 16, 2013
Elected to the seat to succeed Mo Cowan, who had been appointed to the seat following the resignation of John Kerry, who had become Secretary of State.

Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey are the senators currently representing Massachusetts.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Massachusetts over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Massachusetts

Massachusetts is currently represented by 9 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Massachusetts have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA awarded 4,313 degrees. The student population of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 6,435 male students and 9,399 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are White (1,838 and 45.9%), followed by Asian (651 and 16.2%), Black or African American (631 and 15.7%), and Hispanic or Latino (556 and 13.9%).

The largest universities in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA by number of degrees awarded are University of Massachusetts-Boston (3,980 and 92.3%) and Jupiter Beauty Academy (333 and 7.72%).

The most popular majors in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA are Nursing School (462 and 10.7%), General Business Administration & Management (440 and 10.2%), and General Psychology (274 and 6.35%).

The median tuition cost in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA for a public four year colleges is $14,542 for in-state students and $35,515 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 80.8%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 15.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 15,834 (40.6% men and 59.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 15,834 students enrolled in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, 40.6% men and 59.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,530 records, of which 60.3% were women and 39.7% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 274 degrees awarded
  2. 433 degrees awarded
  3. 389 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was General Psychology with 274 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,980 degrees awarded
  2. 333 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Massachusetts-Boston with 3,980 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,466 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA, which is 0.515 times less than the 2,847 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,838 degrees mean that there were 2.82 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Asian, with 651 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($14,542) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($590) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($800) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2022, 2.36% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.08% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA in 2022 were Bachelors Degree (31.9k), Graduate Degree (20.1k), and High School or Equivalent (19.6k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was $685,300 in 2022, which is 2.43 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $619,100 to $685,300, a 10.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA is 42.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA have an average commute time of 31.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA is $106,368. In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was Norfolk County (Northwest)--Needham, Wellesley & Westwood PUMA, MA with a value of $198,790, followed by Middlesex County--Lexington, Burlington & Wilmington PUMA, MA and Middlesex County (West Central) PUMA, MA, with respective values of $172,007 and $157,236.

Property

$685,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$16,139
$21,957
Median Property Taxes
±$1,094

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

42.2%
Homeownership
2022
62.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 42.2% of the housing units in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 41.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2022, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was Norfolk County (Northwest)--Needham, Wellesley & Westwood PUMA, MA with a value of $198,790, followed by Middlesex County--Lexington, Burlington & Wilmington PUMA, MA and Middlesex County (West Central) PUMA, MA, with respective values of $172,007 and $157,236.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$106,368
Median Household Income
± $3,414
52.1k
Number of Households
± 1,853

In 2022, the median household income of the 52.1k households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA grew to $106,368 from the previous year's value of $97,740.

The following chart displays the households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

0.446
2022 Wage GINI in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA
0.448
2021 Wage GINI in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA

In 2022, the income inequality in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was 0.446 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.616% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (39.4%)
  2. Public Transit (26%)
  3. Worked At Home (16.5%)

In 2022, 39.4% of workers in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (26%) and those who worked at home (16.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

31.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA have a longer commute time (31.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.64% of the workforce in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

14.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA (17.3k out of 120k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA is Hispanic, followed by White and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

97.1% of the population of Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA has health coverage, with 57.3% on employee plans, 22.3% on Medicaid, 7.45% on Medicare, 9.58% on non-group plans, and 0.418% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see 960 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 930 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 145 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Massachusetts.
960 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Massachusetts

Primary care physicians in Massachusetts see an average of 960 patients per year. This represents a 0.826% decrease from the previous year (968 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Massachusetts in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 16.8% under 18 years, 32.8% between 18 and 34 years, 38.4% between 35 and 64 years, and 12% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49% were men and 51% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

2.92%
Uninsured
57.3%
Employer Coverage
22.3%
Medicaid
7.45%
Medicare
9.58%
Non-Group
0.418%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA declined by 6.1% from 3.11% to 2.92%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Boston City--Dorchester & South Boston PUMA, MA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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