Bay County, MI

County

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2020 Population
103,506
0.574% 1-year decline
US Senator
Debbie Stabenow
Democratic Party
US Senator
Gary Peters
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
43.6
0.461% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
16.1%
1.89% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$48,290
1.08% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$106,400
4.31% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
46,970
0.166% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Bay County, MI had a population of 104k people with a median age of 43.6 and a median household income of $48,290. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Bay County, MI declined from 104,104 to 103,506, a −0.574% decrease and its median household income declined from $48,819 to $48,290, a −1.08% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Bay County, MI are White (Non-Hispanic) (89.7%), White (Hispanic) (4.09%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.4%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.48%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.924%).

None of the households in Bay County, MI reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.5% of the residents in Bay County, MI are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bay County, MI are Delta College (1,719 degrees awarded in 2020), Career Quest Learning Center-Bay City Branch (43 degrees), and Bayshire Academy of Beauty Craft Inc (34 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Bay County, MI was $106,400, and the homeownership rate was 76.1%.

Most people in Bay County, MI drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.8 minutes. The average car ownership in Bay County, MI was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Bay County, MI is home to a population of 104k people, from which 99.5% are citizens. As of 2020, 1.22% of Bay County, MI residents were born outside of the country (1.26k people).

In 2020, there were 21.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (92.9k people) in Bay County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.24k White (Hispanic) and 2.48k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.5%
2020 Citizenship
99.4%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 99.5% of Bay County, MI residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Bay County, MI was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Bay County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Bay County, MI
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    92.9k ± 122
  2. White (Hispanic)
    4.24k ± 322
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    2.48k ± 325
5.51%
Hispanic Population
5.7k people

In 2020, there were 21.9 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (92.9k people) in Bay County, MI than any other race or ethnicity. There were 4.24k White (Hispanic) and 2.48k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.51% of the people in Bay County, MI are hispanic (5.7k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Bay County, MI as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Michigan.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    78,782 ± 6,864 people
  2. India
    74,611 ± 6,681 people
  3. Iraq
    57,515 ± 5,871 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Michigan was Mexico, the natal country of 78,782 Michigan residents, followed by India with 74,611 and Iraq with 57,515.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.22%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
1.26k people
1.37%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.43k people

As of 2020, 1.22% of Bay County, MI residents (1.26k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Bay County, MI was 1.37%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Bay County, MI compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,627 ± 322
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,003 ± 188
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    966 ± 211

Bay County, MI has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Bay County, MI employs 47k people. The largest industries in Bay County, MI are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,994 people), Manufacturing (7,904 people), and Retail Trade (5,682 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($63,203), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($61,000), and Public Administration ($54,339).

Males in Michigan have an average income that is 1.36 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,905. The income inequality in Michigan (measured using the Gini index) is 0.471, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

47k
2020 Value
± 1,525
−0.166%
1 Year decline
± 4.28%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Bay County, MI declined at a rate of −0.166%, from 47k employees to 47k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Bay County, MI, are Sales & Related Occupations (5,380 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (5,254 people), and Production Occupations (4,141 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Bay County, MI.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Michigan (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

47k
2020 Value
± 1,525
−0.166%
1 Year decline
± 4.28%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Bay County, MI declined at a rate of −0.166%, from 47k employees to 47k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Bay County, MI, are Health Care & Social Assistance (8,994 people), Manufacturing (7,904 people), and Retail Trade (5,682 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Bay County, MI, though some of these residents may live in Bay County, MI and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$41,029
Median earning men ± $1,249
$27,310
Median earning women ± $1,201

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($58,029), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($56,466), and Manufacturing ($53,094).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Public Administration ($52,672), Manufacturing ($47,460), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($41,051).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Michigan. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Michigan.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 1,084
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 525
    Manufacturing
  3. 515
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $856k
    Manufacturing
  2. $636k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  3. $214k
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $193B
  2. $56.5B
  3. $49.6B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $193B, followed by Machinery ($56.5B) and Mixed freight ($49.6B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Michigan products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Michigan.
$638B
2020 Value in Michigan
$1.16T
Projected 2050 Value in Michigan
81.2% growth

In 2020, total outbound Michigan trade was $638B. This is expected to increase 81.2% to $1.16T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Michigan trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Michigan to other states, or from other states to Michigan.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $35.1B
  2. $34.4B
  3. $29.5B

In 2020, the top outbound Michigan domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Ohio with $35.1B, followed by Texas with $34.4B and Indiana and $29.5B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Michigan shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Bay County, MI went to Donald J. Trump with 55% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (43.4%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.14%).

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing the state of Michigan. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Michigan

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Debbie Stabenow
Senator from Michigan1
Assumed office on January 3, 2001
Gary Peters
Senator from Michigan2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters are the senators currently representing Michigan.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Michigan over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Michigan

Michigan is currently represented by 14 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Michigan have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Bay County, MI awarded 1,796 degrees. The student population of Bay County, MI in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 2,650 male students and 4,396 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Bay County, MI are White (1,484 and 82.7%), followed by Black or African American (111 and 6.19%), Hispanic or Latino (100 and 5.57%), and Two or More Races (43 and 2.4%).

The largest universities in Bay County, MI by number of degrees awarded are Delta College (1,719 and 95.7%), Career Quest Learning Center-Bay City Branch (43 and 2.39%), and Bayshire Academy of Beauty Craft Inc (34 and 1.89%).

The most popular majors in Bay County, MI are General Studies (688 and 38.3%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (233 and 13%), and Registered Nursing (127 and 7.07%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 7,046 students enrolled in Bay County, MI, 37.6% men and 62.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,444 records, of which 61.8% were women and 38.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 229 degree-majors awarded
  2. 127 degree-majors awarded
  3. 688 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Bay County, MI was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 229 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Bay County, MI according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,719 degrees awarded
  2. 43 degrees awarded
  3. 34 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Delta College with 1,719 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 730 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Bay County, MI, which is 0.685 times less than the 1,066 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,484 degrees mean that there were 13.4 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 111 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($5,970) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($710) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($2,040) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Measure

In 2020, 0.713% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.711% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (2.28M), Some college (1.97M), and Bachelors Degree (1.34M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Bay County, MI was $106,400 in 2020, which is 0.463 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $102,000 to $106,400, a 4.31% increase. The homeownership rate in Bay County, MI is 76.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Bay County, MI have an average commute time of 22.8 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Bay County, MI is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Bay County, MI is $48,290. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Bay County, MI was Census Tract 2854 with a value of $83,784, followed by Census Tract 2860 and Census Tract 2853, with respective values of $71,250 and $64,767.

In 2021, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Bay County, MI. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.435%.

Property

$106,400
Median Property Value 2020
±$3,372
$33,948
Median Property Taxes
±$1,261

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Bay County, MI the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Bay County, MI compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

76.1%
Homeownership
2020
61.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 76.1% of the housing units in Bay County, MI were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 76.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Bay County, MI compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 2854
  2. Census Tract 2860
  3. Census Tract 2853

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Bay County, MI was Census Tract 2854 with a value of $83,784, followed by Census Tract 2860 and Census Tract 2853, with respective values of $71,250 and $64,767.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Bay County, MI colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$48,290
Median Household Income
± $1,583
43.9k
Number of Households
± 1,263

In 2020, the median household income of the 43.9k households in Bay County, MI declined from $48,290 from the previous year's value of $48,819.

The following chart displays the households in Bay County, MI distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Bay County, MI is from Michigan.
0.471
2020 Wage GINI in Michigan
0.475
2019 Wage GINI in Michigan

In 2020, the income inequality in Michigan was 0.471 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.801% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Michigan was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Michigan in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Michigan across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (84.7%)
  2. Carpooled (6.55%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.96%)

In 2020, 84.7% of workers in Bay County, MI drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.55%) and those who worked at home (4.96%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.8 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Bay County, MI have a shorter commute time (22.8 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 2.53% of the workforce in Bay County, MI have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Bay County, MI compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Bay County, MI distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Bay County, MI have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 11.8% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Bay County, MI. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 0.435%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Bay County, MI (16.5k out of 102k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 25 - 34 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Bay County, MI is White, followed by Hispanic and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 19.7% of the children was living in poverty in Bay County, MI. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 0.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 328 in Bay County, MI. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator grew 18.6 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

94.5% of the population of Bay County, MI has health coverage, with 46.2% on employee plans, 20.3% on Medicaid, 14.9% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.44% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Michigan was $8,055 in 2014. This is a 4% increase from the previous year ($7,745).

Primary care physicians in Bay County, MI see 2598 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.18% increase from the previous year (2424 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1473 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 381 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Michigan. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Michigan, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

2,598 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Bay County, MI

Primary care physicians in Bay County, MI see an average of 2,598 patients per year. This represents a 7.18% increase from the previous year (2,424 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Bay County, MI in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Michigan.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Michigan across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 21.4% under 18 years, 18.9% between 18 and 34 years, 39.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.4% were men and 51.6% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.54%
Uninsured
46.2%
Employer Coverage
20.3%
Medicaid
14.9%
Medicare
11.6%
Non-Group
1.44%
Military or VA

Between 2017 and 2018, the percent of uninsured citizens in Bay County, MI declined by 13.7% from 6.42% to 5.54%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Bay County, MI changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 35.5 in Bay County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bay County, MI.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 35.8% in Bay County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bay County, MI.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 6.55% in Bay County, MI.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Bay County, MI.

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